Questions tagged [internationalization]

Internationalization is the process of designing and implementing a website with flexibility in how it handles language, text, number formatting, and other details that differ by culture. This makes it cheaper and easier to localize a website to different languages and cultures later.

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Good SEO practices for a root page that detects language and redirects [closed]

I have a multilingual static website; the pages for each language live in specific subfolders such as /en, /es, /fr, etc. In my root idnex page I am dynamically detecting the user language (via ...
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19 views

In 2020, is there an established approach to describe an international site using XML sitemaps?

I've been writing XML Sitemaps for a decade, but I've never before needed to write an XML Sitemap for an international site. It occurs to me that there are three clear approaches (and there may be ...
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i18n marked as duplicated content on Google Search Console

We have an e-commerce website running on Wordpress with Woocommerce, WPML & Yoast SEO. Our website is currently translated in 2 languages: French (on /) English (on /en) Our slugs are ...
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14 views

hreflang - do I need to prefix links on the different versions of my pages?

hreflang has proven extremely frustrating for me to implement with my previously clean site layout. I've finally bitten the bullet to risk it because Google still doesn't index our translated versions ...
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23 views

Have Google index different languages at the same URL instead of just the default (English)

I have a multilingual PHP site. I have set English as the default language. The language changes automatically according to the browser settings. If it is French, the site will be seen in French. ...
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16 views

International Site Migrations and SEO Drops

Our company maintains several blogs, each with similar content, but localized into 3 languages. Some content exists in all 3, but there are variances. I'll call those languages and their sites A, B, ...
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31 views

How to tell Google to show a webpage only in specific countries

I have a website with product information, let's say for example that the product URL is www.example.com/product. How can I tell Google that I want that product page to be shown only in specific ...
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2answers
18 views

Should I use “Canonical URL” in Wordpress Yoast SEO plugin for country targeted subdomains?

I have a main website but I have copied my website to 5 sub-domains each targeted to a different country. Each subdomain's content is same, just a variation in prices, currency and language. Someone ...
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22 views

Duplicating website on country subdomains with different prices and currencies OK for SEO?

I have a website of online courses. I have designed my website on 5 subdomain for different countries for price change, for currency change, and for tax change. The content is same on on subdomains. ...
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2answers
43 views

How will geo-ip redirects affect which geo-targeted pages Google indexes?

We are an Indian company and have an online store. We sell in India as well as abroad. The products are sold at different prices in India and abroad and there are two site versions for Indian prices ...
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33 views

Is this a good Google SEO approach for multilingual website support?

I do want to automatically redirect users based on the browser locale settings, but at the same time allow users to change their preference and store it. subdomains for specific languages (en.example....
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23 views

How should the fields be ordered in a sitemap when including hreflang?

I have a website with multiple languages and version for different countries. However it is all using the same domain and segregated by locale query parameter. Examples as below: example.com is the ...
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34 views

SEO effects of redirecting from top level country domain to subdirectories on gTLD

I am developing a website which has 6-7 translations, the client owns the top level domain (.fr, .de, etc.) and wants to use these domains to direct users to the gTLD subfolder. I will be using ...
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2answers
101 views

When translating a site into multiple languages, can we redirect our original language URLs to include the language identifier and maintain SEO?

We're in the process of localising our website into FR, DE and ES. As part of the current design, all URLs in the website will include the locale e.g. example.com/fr or example.com/es. Our developer ...
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132 views

Changing name when a domain holder is a citizen of one country; possible problems

I am a citizen of Israel and I desire to generally cut all ties with it besides generally with family, friends and job. Currently I live in another state as a temporary resident. I consider changing ...
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52 views

Google Search Console - which domain properties in case of different language folders

I have a website available in 5 languages. domain.com in english domain.com/fr in french domain.com/it in italian and so on and so forth... In GSC, should I add one domain property with domain.com ...
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163 views

Shall I localise and translate Schema.org structured data into each available language?

Let's say we have a website that is offered in English and German. Assume the Services offered - { "@context": "http://schema.org/", "@type": "Service", "serviceType": "#{t('TRANSLATION.MARKETING')}...
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54 views

For SEO, can I put an English title on a foreign language blog post?

I'm writing blog content by Japanese mainly. I think making the blog multi language for English is better idea for SEO. but I have no much time to write additional content with foreign languages. I ...
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427 views

Is it bad for SEO have the same site on a .gr and a .com with both English and Greek content?

I have a site that shows in two different domains. www.example.gr and www.example.com. Both are from the same setup and and both sites have a Greek and an English version. Is that bad for seo? ...
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27 views

How to handle 404-pages caused by missing translation on multilingual websites

I'm currently working on a customers multilingual website that has a language switch in the menu bar. On every blog article you can click that switch. However, some articles don't have a translations. ...
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17 views

Why would Google canonize between hreflang pages?

So as far as I know, one of the most important use cases, and basically the whole point of hreflang is to be able to control which domain should rank where when it is not obvious. I notice that from ...
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70 views

Hreflang for different subdomain for a different region speaking the same language

I have a website that has a different multilanguage domain such as us, au, ie, eu. but the language is the same, the only difference is the pricing of the product. Would we run into duplicate ...
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62 views

How to deal with IP redirection and Googlebot? [duplicate]

My client wants country-based domains for their customers. For example, all customers from UK will be taken to the .co.uk site, even if they visit the .com site. And same for other countries. I have ...
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51 views

Issue with language subfolders ranking in wrong country

I have a multi language website with subfolders: /uk/ /au/ /us/ /ca/ Unfortunately in the US, our UK subfolder is ranking causing users to go to the wrong version of the site. What's the best way to ...
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159 views

Can I assign multiple HREFLANG Attributes to the same Domain? [duplicate]

I am working on a website, which is looking to targeting multiple Regions and Languages, using the following Domains: www.example.com (American English targeting US Traffic); en-gb.example.com (...
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220 views

How to avoid Duplicate Content issues when dealing with 'Language Only' and 'Language and Location' URLs [duplicate]

I am working on an eCommerce site, which wants to target the UK, US and Australia. Due to their cultural variations in the English language, and the fact they all have their own currency, the website'...
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37 views

JavaScript rendered translated versions of pages not indexed separately

My app serves local content from separate subdomains. eg: fr.example.com serves content for french users, www.example.com for global etc. The content on the page is javascript rendered. if I check ...
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343 views

Should the 'Unlisted' International Targeting option, be used in the Google Webmasters Tools/Search Console, when looking to target Europe as a whole?

I have an eCommerce website, which wants to target the USA, UK and Europe. The targeting will be done through Subdomains as follows: www.example.com (USA with Dollars and American English) en-eb....
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1answer
35 views

ccTLD (e.g. .it) instead of a gTLD (e.g. .com) for a multicountry AND multilang site

I use a ccTLD for my website and I want to use it as a gTLD. Will Google punish me for using a ccTLD instead of a gTLD (e.g. .com) for a multicountry AND multilang site? The URL structure I'm aiming ...
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1answer
32 views

Using addon domain name for multilingual website

I want to have translated versions of my website to serve certain countries. I want to use different, dedicated domain names, like: www.mywebsite.example (main domain) www.monsiteweb.fr (new) www....
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1answer
32 views

Should Geo-targeting Subdomains have their own dedicated Social Media Profiles?

I currently have a website owner, looking to expand their Geographical reach. Rather than investing in dedicated ccTLDs, the use of Subdomains have been opted for as follows: en-gb.example.com (...
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171 views

A domain for each language or a single domain, which is better for SEO?

My project is in 7 languages. For each language, we bought a domain. The project already has some success. Some domains have many visitors from search engines, some not so many. When we launched, ...
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2answers
39 views

Is a single Internal Link enough to tell search engines that a page is regional specific?

I am working on a multi-national/multi-lingual eCommerce website, with the following website structures: www.example.co.uk (UK Based English speakers) www.example.co.uk/es/ (UK Based Spanish ...
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2answers
61 views

Do you use the country or country and language for subdomains?

We need to do translated pages where we have multiple countries that will be using the same language. The URLs will be based on the Subdomain option or Subdomains with gTLD. What is the correct ...
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1answer
58 views

Google search displays the English version of a webpage for a Romanian keyword search

We have a multilanguage Wordpress website with the following subdirectories. https://mca.electricmura.ro/en/ https://mca.electricmura.ro/de/ https://mca.electricmura.ro/ro/ We use the Polylang plugin ...
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2answers
42 views

What is the proper hreflang setup for translated pages?

We are trying to figure what is the correct hreflang attributes that should be displayed on our pages. We have 4 languages that we will enable for all our pages: English, French, Spanish, German. Our ...
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1answer
113 views

Is it cloaking to use translated international content in different subfolders?

I already read all the recommended answers, but they don't give me any help on what I want to ask. I already read the following: Root index.html file of a multi-language website but it does not ...
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2answers
628 views

Root index.html file of a multi-language website [duplicate]

I have a multi-language website and according to the Google guidelines for multi-language sites, I should keep the two or more versions of my website in two different subfolders, like: www.example....
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1answer
41 views

Multilanguage and Effect on Live Website's SEO

I'm new and learning to SEO. My question is, if I already have a website that has a pretty decent rank with just one language and I wanted to add another language, do it affecting my previous rank? ...
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15 views

Single Language with Multi-regional website - How properly HREFLANG should implement [closed]

I have all the details about how the Hreflang work and being implemented for proper serving. Just need to clarify on some sort of content duplication issue. One of my client has german language ...
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2answers
682 views

Locale code in route versus in query string for i18n

So I came across a library that helps with adding locale code to the route of your website. eg website.com/en-US/about/ The library claims that one should do it this way because "Google needs ...
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1answer
29 views

Should one use umlaute in translated URLs?

I have found at When translating a site go with URLs in Chinese or English? that The URLs should be in the same language as the content. If you want a Chinese URL, it's pretty clear that you go ...
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23 views

Is it OK for SEO to write page titles with the company name in English but the keywords in some other language?

Does writing titles in pages of the form: company name in English | keyword in page language | keyword in page language Have bad effect on SEO?
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24 views

Does a different site architecture in international subdirectories hurt SEO?

I have a top level domain example.com, it's a site for the US already well positioned. The business is expanding to EU and we are going to create subdirectories to use the DA of example.com. Like: ...
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27 views

mobile urls canonical & hreflang

I again have problem when working on the mobile seo urls, so the scenario is below: We have 2 domains www.example.com and www.example.es The .es is pointing canonical to .com and that's fine as we ...
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80 views

How to implement hreflang for a .com with a subdomain and and a .ca domain [closed]

I'm currently working on the SEO for a site that has the following domains: subdomain.example.com example.ca These are both e-stores and I'm wondering how I would go about setting up hreflang in ...
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25 views

International SEO with the same language?

My company is creating an international version of our site at international.example.com. We are located in the US with our main site at example.com but offer different slightly different products ...
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57 views

hreflang for two URLs with same language and different countries

Can we use hreflang like this: <link rel="alternate" href="https://www.example.de/de/product/" hreflang="de-de" /> <link rel="alternate" href="https://www.example.com/de/product/" hreflang="...
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1answer
35 views

How to treat special bilingual dual view pages for SEO?

I have a site in two languages: domain.com (German) en.domain.com (English) The content is literature. Both sites are in their respective language only, but I want to also offer a dual view, to ...
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3answers
460 views

Hreflang for regions (like states and provinces) within a country

I'm working on a website which has different content depending on the province/state the user is from. Is it valid to add the subdivision code to the hreflang like below? <link rel="alternate" ...

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