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My blog is powered by Altervista on the ComicPress theme.

I may customize my website for I purchased the second level domain (.com).

I'm trying to post bigger images by following the tutorial below->

on how using custom images in a theme

Something went wrong, since I copypasted the code and I get the following:

Parse error: syntax error, unexpected '<' in /membri/thekrumbs/wp-content/themes/comicpress/functions.php on line 40

I copy/pasted the code below, just as I edited it in the functions.php file (see the first part)->

<?php

add_action('after_setup_theme', 'comicpress_setup');

add_action( 'after_setup_theme', 'setup' );
function setup() {
    // ...

add_theme_support( 'post-thumbnails' ); // This feature enables post-thumbnail support for a theme
    // To enable only for posts:
    //add_theme_support( 'post-thumbnails', array( 'post' ) );
    // To enable only for posts and custom post types:
    //add_theme_support( 'post-thumbnails', array( 'post', 'movie' ) );

    // Register a new image size.
    // This means that WordPress will create a copy of the post image with the specified dimensions
    // when you upload a new image. Register as many as needed.
    // Adding custom image sizes (name, width, height, crop)
    add_image_size( 'featured-image', 620, 200, true );


add_image_size( 'header', 600, 200, true ); // header image
add_image_size( 'custom-size1', 400, 200 ); // 400 pixel wide and 200 p
    add_image_size( 'custom-size2', 400, 200, true ); // 400 pixel wide and 200 pixel tall, cropped

    // ...

}


add_filter( 'image_size_names_choose', 'custom_image_sizes_choose' );
function custom_image_sizes_choose( $sizes ) {
    $custom_sizes = array(
        'featured-image' => 'Featured Image'
    );
    return array_merge( $sizes, $custom_sizes );
}


<?php
if ( has_post_thumbnail()):
    the_post_thumbnail( 'featured-image', array( 'class' => 'featured-image' ) );
endif;
?>




add_action('wp_enqueue_scripts', 'comicpress_enqueue_theme_scripts');
add_action('widgets_init', 'comicpress_register_sidebars');
add_filter('excerpt_length', 'comicpress_excerpt_length');
if (comicpress_themeinfo('enable_debug_footer_code'))
    add_action('comicpress-page-foot', 'comicpress_debug_page_foot_code');
add_filter('excerpt_more', 'comicpress_auto_excerpt_more');
if (comicpress_themeinfo('force_active_connection_close')) 
    add_action('shutdown_action_hook','comicpress_close_up_shop');
if (comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_icons')) 
    add_action('comicpress-menubar-menunav', 'comicpress_display_social_icons');

if (!is_admin())
    add_action('init', 'comicpress_init');

if (class_exists('MultiPostThumbnails')) {
    new MultiPostThumbnails(
        array(
            'label' => 'Secondary Image',
            'id' => 'secondary-image',
            'post_type' => 'comic'
            ));
    add_image_size('secondary-image');
}

// These autoload
foreach (glob(get_template_directory() . '/functions/*.php') as $funcfile) {
    get_template_part('functions/'.basename($funcfile,'.php'));
}

// Load all the widgets.
foreach (glob(get_template_directory()  . '/widgets/*.php') as $widgefile) {
    get_template_part('widgets/'.basename($widgefile,'.php'));
}

function comicpress_setup() {
    load_theme_textdomain('comicpress', get_template_directory().'/lang');
//  add_editor_style();
    add_theme_support('automatic-feed-links');
    add_theme_support(
        'post-formats', 
        array(
//          'image',
//          'video',
//          'quote',
//          'status',
            'link',
            'aside'
            )
        );
    register_nav_menus(array(
        'Primary' => __( 'Primary', 'comicpress' ),
        'Footer' => __( 'Footer', 'comicpress' )
    ));
    add_theme_support('custom-background');
    add_theme_support('post-thumbnails');
    add_theme_support('title-tag');
    add_theme_support('woocommerce'); // PMH
}

function comicpress_enqueue_theme_scripts() {
    global $is_IE, $wp_styles;
    if ( is_singular() && comments_open() && get_option( 'thread_comments' ) && !comicpress_themeinfo('disable_comment_javascript')) wp_enqueue_script('comment-reply');
    if (!is_admin()) {
        wp_enqueue_script('jquery');
        if (!comicpress_themeinfo('disable_jquery_menu_code')) {
            wp_enqueue_script('ddsmoothmenu_js', get_template_directory_uri().'/js/ddsmoothmenu.js');
            wp_enqueue_script('menubar_js', get_template_directory_uri().'/js/menubar.js');
        }
        if (!comicpress_themeinfo('disable_scroll_to_top')) {
            wp_enqueue_script('comicpress_scroll', get_template_directory_uri().'/js/scroll.js', null, null, true);
        }
        if (comicpress_themeinfo('enable_avatar_trick') && !$is_IE) {
            wp_enqueue_script('themetricks_historic1', get_template_directory_uri().'/js/cvi_text_lib.js', null, null, true);
            wp_enqueue_script('themetricks_historic2', get_template_directory_uri().'/js/instant.js', null, null, true);
        }
    }
}

function comicpress_init() {
    add_action('pre_get_posts', 'comicpress_pre_parser', 1, 1);
}

function comicpress_pre_parser($query) {
    if ( $query->is_home() && $query->is_main_query()) {
//      $query->set('category__in', '8');
        $query->set('posts_per_page', comicpress_themeinfo('home_post_count'));
    }
    if (($query->is_archive() || $query->is_search() || is_post_type_archive())  && !$query->is_feed() && $query->is_main_query()) {
        $archive_display_order = comicpress_themeinfo('archive_display_order');
        if (empty($archive_display_order)) $archive_display_order = 'desc';
        $query->set('order', $archive_display_order);
    }
    if ($query->is_author() && $query->is_main_query()) {
        $query->set('nopaging', true);
    }
}

if (!function_exists('comicpress_register_sidebars')) {
    function comicpress_register_sidebars() {
        $widgets_list = array(
            array('id' => 'left-sidebar', 'name' => __( 'Left Sidebar', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'The sidebar that appears to the left of the content.', 'comicpress' )),
            array('id' => 'right-sidebar', 'name' => __( 'Right Sidebar', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'The sidebar that appears to the right of the content.', 'comicpress' )),
            array('id' => 'above-header', 'name' => __( 'Above Header', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'This sidebar appears to above all of the site information.  This sidebar is not encased in CSS, you will need to create CSS for it.', 'comicpress' )),
            array('id' => 'header', 'name' => __( 'Header', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'This sidebar appears inside the #header block.', 'comicpress' )),
            array('id' => 'menubar', 'name' => __( 'Menubar', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'This sidebar is under the header and above the content-wrapper block', 'comicpress' )),
            array('id' => 'over-blog', 'name' => __( 'Over Blog', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'This sidebar appears over the blog within the #column .narrowcolumn', 'comicpress' )),
            array('id' => 'under-blog', 'name' => __( 'Under Blog', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'This sidebar appears under the blog within the #column .narrowocolumn', 'comicpress' )),
            array('id' => 'footer', 'name' => __( 'Footer', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'This sidebar is at the bottom of the page and is the center of the 3 footer sidebars.', 'comicpress' )),
            array('id' => 'footer-left', 'name' => __( 'Footer Left', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'This sidebar is at the bottom of the page, the left one.', 'comicpress' )),
            array('id' => 'footer-right', 'name' => __( 'Footer Right', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'This sidebar is at the bottom of the page, the right one.', 'comicpress' )),
        );
        if (class_exists('Jetpack') && Jetpack::init()->is_module_active('minileven')) { 
            $widgets_list[] = array('id' => '1', 'name' => __( 'Jetpack Mobile Sidebar', 'comicpress' ), 'description' => __( 'Jetpack Mobile Sidebar', 'comicpress' ));
        }
        foreach ($widgets_list as $widget_info) {
            register_sidebar(array(
                        'name'=> $widget_info['name'],
                        'id' => 'sidebar-'.sanitize_title($widget_info['id']),
                        'description' => $widget_info['description'],
                        'before_widget' => "<div id=\"".'%1$s'."\" class=\"widget ".'%2$s'."\">\r\n<div class=\"widget-content\">\r\n",
                        'after_widget'  => "</div>\r\n<div class=\"clear\"></div>\r\n</div>\r\n",
                        'before_title'  => "<h2 class=\"widget-title\">",
                        'after_title'   => "</h2>\r\n"
                        ));
        }
    }
}

function comicpress_get_sidebar($location = '') {
    if (empty($location)) return;
    if (file_exists(get_template_directory().'/sidebar-'.$location.'.php') || file_exists(get_stylesheet_directory().'/sidebar-'.$location.'.php')) {
        get_sidebar($location);
    } elseif (is_active_sidebar('sidebar-'.$location)) { ?>
        <div id="sidebar-<?php echo $location; ?>" class="sidebar">
            <?php dynamic_sidebar('sidebar-'.$location); ?>
            <div class="clear"></div>
        </div>
    <?php }
}

function comicpress_is_signup() {
    global $wp_query;
    if (strpos( $_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'], 'wp-signup.php' ) || strpos( $_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'], 'wp-activate.php' )) return true;
    return false;
}

function comicpress_debug_page_foot_code() { ?>
    <p><?php echo get_num_queries() ?> queries. <?php if (function_exists('memory_get_usage')) { $unit=array('b','kb','mb','gb','tb','pb'); echo @round(memory_get_usage(true)/pow(1024,($i=floor(log(memory_get_usage(true),1024)))),2).' '.$unit[$i]; ?> Memory usage. <?php } timer_stop(1) ?> seconds.</p>
<?php }

function comicpress_excerpt_length($length) {
    return comicpress_themeinfo('excerpt_length');
}

if (!function_exists('comicpress_auto_excerpt_more')) {
    function comicpress_auto_excerpt_more( $more ) {
        return __( '[&hellip;]', 'comicpress' ) . '<a class="more-link" href="'. get_permalink() . '">' . __( '&darr; Read the rest of this entry...', 'comicpress' ) . '</a>';
    }
}

function comicpress_close_up_shop() {
    @mysql_close();
}

if (!function_exists('comicpress_is_layout')) {
    function comicpress_is_layout($choices) {
        $choices = explode(",", $choices);
        if (in_array(get_theme_mod('comicpress-customize-select-layout', '3c'), $choices)) return true;
        return false;
    }
}

function comicpress_is_bbpress() {
    if (function_exists('bbp_is_single_forum') &&
            (bbp_is_forum()
                || bbp_is_forum_archive()
                || bbp_is_topic_archive()
                || bbp_is_single_forum() 
                || bbp_is_single_topic()
                || bbp_is_topic()
                || bbp_is_topic_edit()
                || bbp_is_topic_merge()
                || bbp_is_topic_split()
                || bbp_is_single_reply()
                || bbp_is_reply_edit()
                || bbp_is_reply_edit()
                || bbp_is_single_view()
                || bbp_is_single_user_edit()
                || bbp_is_single_user()
                || bbp_is_user_home()
                || bbp_is_subscriptions()
                || bbp_is_favorites()
                || bbp_is_topics_created()))
        return true;
    return false;
}

function comicpress_sidebars_disabled() {
    global $wp_query, $post;
    if (!empty($post) && (is_single() || is_page()) && !is_404()) {
        $sidebars_disabled = get_post_meta($post->ID, 'disable-sidebars', true);
        if ($sidebars_disabled) return true;
    }
//      if (comicpress_is_bbpress()) return true;
    return false;
}

global $content_width;
if (!isset($content_width)) {
    $content_width = comicpress_themeinfo('content_width');
    if (!$content_width) $content_width = 500;
}

if (!function_exists('comicpress_display_social_icons')) {
    function comicpress_display_social_icons() {
        $twitter = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_twitter');
        $facebook = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_facebook');
        $googleplus = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_googleplus');
        $linkedin = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_linkedin');
        $pinterest = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_pinterest');
        $youtube = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_youtube');
        $flickr = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_flickr');
        $tumblr = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_tumblr');
        $deviantart = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_deviantart');
        $myspace = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_myspace');
        $email = comicpress_themeinfo('menubar_social_email');
        $output = '<div class="menunav-social-wrapper">';
        if (!empty($deviantart)) $output .= '<a href="'.$deviantart.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'my DeviantART', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-deviantart">'.__( 'DeviantART', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (!empty($tumblr)) $output .= '<a href="'.$tumblr.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'Examine my Tumblr', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-tumblr">'.__( 'Tumblr', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (!empty($facebook)) $output .= '<a href="'.$facebook.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'Friend on Facebook', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-facebook">'.__( 'Facebook', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (!empty($myspace)) $output .= '<a href="'.$myspace.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'Make use of MySpace', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-myspace">'.__( 'MySpace', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (!empty($linkedin)) $output .= '<a href="'.$linkedin.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'Look at my LinkedIn', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-linkedin">'.__( 'LinkedIn', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (!empty($twitter)) $output .= '<a href="'.$twitter.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'Follow me on Twitter', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-twitter">'.__( 'Twitter', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (!empty($flickr)) $output .= '<a href="'.$flickr.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'Gaze at my Flickr', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-flickr">'.__( 'Flickr', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";      
        if (!empty($email)) $output .= '<a href="'.$email.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'Email me', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-email">'.__( 'Email', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (!empty($googleplus)) $output .= '<a href="'.$googleplus.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'Circle me on Google+', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-googleplus">'.__( 'Google+', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (!empty($pinterest)) $output .= '<a href="'.$pinterest.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'Peruse my Pinterests', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-pinterest">'.__( 'pinterest', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (!empty($youtube)) $output .= '<a href="'.$youtube.'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'My Channel on YouTube', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-youtube">'.__( 'YouTube', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        if (comicpress_themeinfo('enable_rss_in_menubar')) $output .= '<a href="'.get_bloginfo('rss2_url').'" target="_blank" title="'.__( 'RSS Feed', 'comicpress' ).'" class="menunav-social menunav-rss2">'.__( 'RSS', 'comicpress' ).'</a>'."\r\n";
        $output .= '<div class="clear"></div>';
        $output .= '</div>'."\r\n";
        echo $output;
    }
}

/**
 * This is function ceo_clean_filename
 *
 * @param string $filename the BASE filename
 * @return string returns the rawurlencoded filename with the %2F put back to /
 */
function comicpress_clean_filename($filename) {
    return str_replace("%2F", "/", rawurlencode($filename));
}

function comicpress_infinite_scroll_loop() {
    while (have_posts()) : the_post();
        comicpress_display_post();
    endwhile;
}

/**
 * function load default settings
 */
function comicpress_load_options() {

    $comicpress_options = get_option('cp-options');
    if (empty($comicpress_options)) {

        foreach (array(
                // General
                'home_post_count' => '5',
                'disable_blog_on_homepage' => false,
                'add_pw_async_code_to_head' => false,
                'over-blog-sidebar-all-posts' => false,
                // WordPress Content Width that sets video and image size within posts
                'content_width' => 500,
                'content_width_disabled_sidebars' => 700,
                // Pages
                'disable_page_titles' => false,
                // Posts
                'disable_post_titles' => false,
                'enable_post_calendar' => false,
                'enable_post_author_gravatar' => false,
                'enable_avatar_trick' => true,
                'disable_tags_in_posts' => false,
                'disable_categories_in_posts' => false,
                'disable_author_info_in_posts' => false,
                'disable_date_info_in_posts' => false,
                'disable_posted_at_time_in_posts' => false,
                'enable_last_modified_in_posts' => false,
                'moods_directory' => 'none',
                // Comments
                'disable_comment_note' => true,
                'disable_comment_javascript' => false,
                'enable_comments_on_homepage' => false,
                'avatar_directory' => 'none',
                // Pagination
                'enable_numbered_pagination' => true,
                // Footer
                'disable_footer_text' => false,
                'disable_scroll_to_top' => false,
                'copyright_name' => '',
                'copyright_url' => '',
                // RSS
                'enable_post_thumbnail_rss' => true,
                // Archive & Search
                'display_archive_as_links' => false,
                'excerpt_or_content_in_archive' => 'excerpt',
                'archive_display_order' => 'DESC',
                // Menubar
                'disable_default_menubar' => false,
                'enable_search_in_menubar' => false,
                'enable_rss_in_menubar' => true,
                'disable_jquery_menu_code' => false,
                'enable_breadcrumbs' => false,
                // Menubar - Social Icons
                'menubar_social_icons' => false,
                'menubar_social_twitter' => '',
                'menubar_social_facebook' => '',
                'menubar_social_googleplus' => '',
                'menubar_social_linkedin' => '',
                'menubar_social_pinterest' => '',
                'menubar_social_youtube' => '',
                'menubar_social_flickr' => '',
                'menubar_social_tumblr' => '',
                'menubar_social_deviantart' => '',
                'menubar_social_myspace' => '',
                'menubar_social_email' => '',
                // Debug
                'enable_debug_footer_code' => false,
                'force_active_connection_close' => false,
                // Jetpack
                'enable_jetpack_infinite_scrolling' => false
        ) as $field => $value) {
            $comicpress_options[$field] = $value;
        }
//      update_option('cp-options', $comicpress_options);
//      Cannot save to the database unless you click the save button in options
    }
    return $comicpress_options;
}

function comicpress_themeinfo($whichinfo = null) {
    global $comicpress_themeinfo;
    if (empty($comicpress_themeinfo) || $whichinfo == 'reset') {
        $comicpress_themeinfo = array();
        $comicpress_options = comicpress_load_options();
        $comicpress_addinfo = array(
            'version' => '4.3',
            'excerpt_length' => '40'
        );
        $comicpress_themeinfo = array_merge($comicpress_themeinfo, $comicpress_addinfo);
        $comicpress_themeinfo = array_merge($comicpress_themeinfo, $comicpress_options);
    }
    if ($whichinfo && $whichinfo !== 'reset')
        if (isset($comicpress_themeinfo[$whichinfo])) 
            return $comicpress_themeinfo[$whichinfo];
        else
            return false;
    return $comicpress_themeinfo;
}

// Dashboard Menu Options - Only run in the wp-admin area
if (is_admin()) {
    @require_once(get_template_directory().'/options.php');
    /* translators: theme discription for wp-admin */
    $bogus_translation = __( 'Publish a WebComic with the ComicPress theme and the Comic Easel plugin.', 'comicpress' );
}

Now I edited the file as it come originally and I may access my site again, but I wonder why I got such error, because of some issues in the syntax or because I'm on a pre-configured theme, so I would ask:

May I customize someone else's theme completely and modify files for using custom images?

  • Is this a license question or a technical question? If the former then it depends on the terms of the license. If the latter then "yes". – Hack-R Aug 16 '16 at 17:23
4

Parse error: syntax error, unexpected '<' in /membri/thekrumbs/wp-content/themes/comicpress/functions.php on line 40

<?php
if ( has_post_thumbnail()):
    the_post_thumbnail( 'featured-image', array( 'class' => 'featured-image' ) );
endif;
?>

You have a PHP code block, ie. <?php...?>, nested inside a PHP code block. This code looks out of place here.

  • w3dk is totally right and More than this, this block must be in a template file, in the loop, not in functions.php, you need to replace similar code in your template file with the right image size (featured-image instrad of post-thumbnail). – Benoti Oct 19 '16 at 11:02
3

Yes, you can do whatever you like with theme that you have. You've purchased it (or it's free).

As long as you purchased it or if it's free, you can do whatever. Just make sure that you make a child theme out of your theme. (there are tutorials for this on wordpress community)

That's because if you (in your example) edit functions.php without making a child theme, when you update that theme, your file will be overwritten.

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