First of all, it seems that you don't have any MX records, which means that there is no email traffic for this domain. You have to find an email provider (like Google or Microsoft) or you have to install your own email server (maybe you can use an image from AWS Marketplace). After you have your email server/provider, you have to add MX records at Route53(SPF, DKIM and DMARC records are optional, but I recommend it).
On that email server/provider, you have to create mailboxes which will handle the bounces and other related actions and you have to register this also in AWS SES. It will work if you do these steps.
As far as I see, there are other registered emails that you are using. You have the option to set up the new domain on one of your current server, or use it just like an alias-domain.