Yes. You can do this.
For domain 1, you should have an A record that points an IP address to
domain1.example. That is a given.
For domain 2 & 3, you can use a CNAME to point
You may also need to use a CNAME for any
www version of any site. The process is the same. You would point
domain1.example and point
Just know that there may be an issue with duplicate content. To avoid this, you would use a canonical tag to correct this.
You can find more information than you want at: https://support.google.com/webmasters/answer/139066?hl=en ,however, example code for what you need exists under the header Indicate the preferred URL with the rel="canonical" link element. With this code, you would be pointing your content page to itself using the domain 1 domain name.