I have several websites on my development machine under Apache's htdocs folder. Apache Directory root is htdocs, but I want to be able to access each different site there by individual domain names. For example, I have


I have added these lines to my hosts file       dev.site.localhost       cre.site.localhost

Now I want to add an .htaccess file in the htdocs to redirect dev.site.localhost request to htdocs/dev_site_com or

I want to do this so that all of my relative URLs in my site work locally. If I link to a stylesheet in the dev_site_com site using the path /css/style.css, it will work in production, but not in development, because the root is htdocs and not htdocs/dev_site_com

I've never been good with mod_rewrite.. but this is what I have so far..

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>

    Options +FollowSymLinks
    RewriteEngine on

    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^dev\.site\.localhost
    RewriteRule %1 [L]


and nothing is happening

1 Answer 1


You would not usually use rewrite rules to set up different host names on a local server. Instead you would edit your Apache configuration and set up new virtual hosts.

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot /var/www/htdocs/dev_site_com
    ServerName dev.site.localhost

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot /var/www/htdocs/cre_site_com
    ServerName cre.site.localhost

You don't say what type of operating system you are running. If I were doing this on my Ubuntu Linux server I would create two files:

  • /etc/apache2/sites-available/dev
  • /etc/apache2/sites-available/cre

These contain the the virtual host directive for each site respectively.

I would then enable each site with the command a2ensite and restart Apache:
sudo a2ensite dev && sudo a2ensite cre && sudo service apache2 restart.

Here is a full guide to virtual host setup on Ubuntu.


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