I am wondering whether to use Microdata or RFDa to mark information for search engines on my Webapplication. Google supports and has documentation for both. But i was not able to find a summary comparing both formats and giving suggestion on which one to use.
Choosing which one is better for you is (IMO) somewhat subjective. Here are a couple factors that may help you to make an informed decision:
Facebook's Open Graph Protocol is RDFa-based
There are likely other factors specific to your situation...
Main differences between Microdata and RDFa
Microdata can be used in HTML(5) only. RDFa is markup-independent ("to express structured data in any markup language") and can already be used in HTML 4.01, HTML5, XHTML, ….
If a Microdata parser stumbles upon an unknown item type (resp. vocabulary), it must not try to make use of it. RDF(a) parsers may try to make use of unknown vocabularies (which may work because vocabularies are typically itself described in RDF, e.g. with RDFS).
Microdata makes it hard (and often impossible) to validly mix several vocabularies for the same content, which is easily possible with RDFa (thanks to its use of prefixes).
Note that almost all vocabularies are designed in/for RDF(a). With Microdata, most users seem to use only the schema.org vocabulary, but this one can be used with RDFa, too.
Some argue that Microdata is easier to understand/use than RDFa. I don’t think that it’s true, especially not with RDFa Lite, which is sufficient "for most day-to-day needs". You can read the whole RDFa Lite specification in 10-15 minutes.
My answers about
differences between Microdata and RDFa (Stack Overflow)
the future of RDFa and Microdata (Stack Overflow)
RDFa vs. Microdata vs. Microformats (Programmers)
- The (somewhat old) HTML Data Guide (W3C Interest Group Note), which "aims to help publishers and consumers of HTML data use it well. With several syntaxes and vocabularies to choose from, it provides guidance about how to decide which meets the publisher's or consumer's needs. It discusses when it is necessary to mix syntaxes and vocabularies and how to publish and consume data that uses multiple formats."
Microformats are much simpler to understand and implement, using additional classes on existing HTML elements (or additional span/div elements where necessary).
RDFa on the other hand is more complex and can be difficult to implement, using attributes like
xmlns:v and values like
v:Person. Like JasonBirch says it's a little problematic for non-XHTML pages (and as such won't validate, if that matters to you).