As can be seen from below, Google is adding random parameters to pages and trying to index them. how do we fix this? How can fix this from a technical SEO standpoint
You're likely encountering 2 separate issues:
- URLs with page parameter are being indexed. Assuming that the page parameter does not modify content on the page, this can result in duplicate content issues. You can solve this by submitting a Removal Request via Google Search Console and adding a canonical tag to the relevant page(s).
- URLs with page parameter are being crawled. This can result in crawl budget inefficiency. Google has finite resources/time it allocated to crawling and indexing your website. Ideally, you want it to spend this time wisely, crawling only your most useful/important URLs. After you've successfully removed the URLs with the page parameter from the Index, you can add a rule in your robots.txt file to prevent pages with that parameter from being crawled in the future.