I have some Excluded pages in Search Console. By Google's definition, these pages should be excluded from the search index. However if I search the page titles, or use the "site:" command on Google it still appears in the results.
I also checked on the URL Inspector. It says they're not indexed, and running a live test there says they can be indexed but aren't currently. So, it doesn't seem that they were recrawled after the report updated.
I considered the possibility that the pages are cached on Google. However, the cached page gives a date after the last crawled date in Search Console.
Is it an indexing bug? A search console bug? What could explain this discrepancy?