I am trying to setup HSTS for my website but running into some problems regarding the response headers and the use of a sub domain. What I would like is for all HTTP traffic to redirect to https://www.example.co.uk.

I have been using the information on the following website as a guide: https://www.danielmorell.com/blog/how-to-configure-hsts-on-www-and-other-subdomains.

The examples on the above website show the strict-transport-security (STS) header at all the redirect stages.

E.g. http://example.com 301 redirects to https://example.com (STS in header). Then https://example.com redirects to https://www.example.com (STS in header).

However when I try my own domain I only get the STS header on the initial redirect and not the next redirection to the https://www. sub domain.

Examples from my own testing:

  1. http://example.co.uk (301) to https://example.co.uk (STS in header) (301) to https://www.example.co.uk (No STS in header).

  2. http://www.example.co.uk (301) to https://www.example.co.uk (No STS in header).

  3. https://example.co.uk (STS in header) then (301) to https://www.example.co.uk (No STS in header).

  4. https://www.example.co.uk (No STS in header).

Below is a copy of the header response using option 1 above:


HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently
Date: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 18:14:30 GMT
Server: Apache
Location: `https://example.co.uk`/
Content-Length: 237
Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1


HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently
Date: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 18:14:33 GMT
Server: Apache
Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=31557600; includeSubDomains;
Location: https://www.example.co.uk/
Content-Length: 241
Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1


HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 18:14:35 GMT
Server: Apache
Expires: Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT
Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0
Pragma: no-cache
Set-Cookie: PHPSESSID=fkjqaomopnp03uforuptdu3u17; path=/
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1

I'm just wondering if my setup is working correctly or should the strict-transport-security header appear in the header response from the https://www. sub domain as well.

My website is running on a shared Apache server. I have a valid Le's encrypt cert with CN = example.co.uk.

I have tried the suggestions at: HSTS implementation when using www.TLD but it didn't seem to solve my problem.

My .htaccess is shown below:

<if "%{HTTPS} == 'on'">
  Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31557600; includeSubDomains;"

## Base Redirects ##

# Turn on Rewrite Engine
RewriteEngine On

# Redirect to secure HTTPS before changing host
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\.(.*)$ [NC]
RewriteCond %{https} off  
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://example.co.uk/$1 [R=301,L]

# Remove trailing slash from non-filepath urls
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} /(.+)/$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^ https://www.example.co.uk/%1 [R=301,L]

# Include trailing slash on directory 
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !(.+)/$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d
RewriteRule ^(.+)$ https://www.example.co.uk/$1/ [R=301,L]

# Force HTTPS and WWW 
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\.(.*)$ [OR,NC]
RewriteCond %{https} off  
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://www.example.co.uk/$1 [R=301,L]
  • This article appears to be a good reference for this question: sentinelstand.com/article/… Feb 4 '19 at 22:01
  • @StephenOstermiller Thanks for your reply. I tried the suggestion in the piece about creating a 1px image, requesting it from https:// www.example.co.uk using https:// example.co.uk but it didn't work. The code used was <img src="https:// example.co.uk/a.gif" style="display: none;" />. I also tested one of my sub domains https:// m.example.co.uk and it set the HSTS header. I created 2 more sub domains: https:// test.example.co.uk and https:// a.example.co.uk and both set the HSTS header so the includeSubDomains directive is working. So the issue appears to be with the https:// www. sub domain. Feb 6 '19 at 0:25
  • I've spoken to my host and they can't see any problems their end and have suggested I ask a developer for advice regarding the redirects and HSTS isssue. Feb 6 '19 at 17:45

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