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I would like to allow folder /news/ and disallow all the sub folders under /news/ e.g. /news/abc/, /news/123/. How can I do that please?

I think Disallow: /news/ will block everything in it, including /news/ itself.

Will Disallow: /news/*/ do the job, since there is no easy way to test it, I want to make sure.

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User-agent: *
Allow: /news/$
Disallow: /news/

Explanation:

Google's robots.txt spec (https://developers.google.com/search/reference/robots_txt), which is more up to date than the "official" spec, states that:

/fish/ will match anything in the /fish/ folder but will not match /fish (and, no wildcard necessary, since "The trailing slash means this matches anything in this folder.") If you kinda reverse engineer that:

User-agent: * (or whatever user agent you want to talk to)
Allow: /news/$ (allows /news/ but the $ character says the allow can't go beyond /news/)
Disallow: /news/ (disallows anything in the /news/ folder)

Test it in Google Search Console, or in Yandex (https://webmaster.yandex.com/tools/robotstxt/) to ensure it works for your site.

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