Yes... but your site should be fully crawl-able. You can compare your sitemap and index count. In Google Search Console it will say Submitted X Url's / Indexed X Url's. So if the number is lower or greater then you know some URLS are missing in the index or more.
Additionally you can use
site:example.com to find out what is indexed but ut is only sample data (a small portion) but as far as exporting or comparing from a list, no Google doesn't support that...
Solve the issue by making sure your website is crawl-able. If it is, then building your reputation with Google, that way it will increase your crawl duration and return rate, therefore increasing the amount of time it takes to index your pages.