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This question already has an answer here:

For example, I have a webshop where each product has its unique ID and I want to build SEO friendly URL for a product page. An old-school way that is mentioned almost in every article looks like this: http://mywebshop.com/categoryname/1111-some_product_name where

  • 1111 is ID of the product and is important
  • some_product_name is just for google and users; changing this text to "some_other_product_name" will not have any effect

But some websites (including StackOverflow) uses different format and build URLs like: http://mywebshop.com/categoryname/1111/some_product_name

So, my question is which URL is better from search engine point of view? http://mywebshop.com/categoryname/1111-some_product_name OR http://mywebshop.com/categoryname/1111/some_product_name? Is there any reason why forward slash should be used instead of hyphen?

From implementation point of view there is not so much difference. Also, for the end-users they look identical.

UPDATE 2017-03-02 @John Conde: this is not the duplicate. The link that you provided explains how to structure URL if you have hierarchy of entities. I agree that my question looks similar, but in my case I have parts of the URL that will never be part of user's search phrase (i.e., nobody will try to search for "1111", users type in product name).

marked as duplicate by John Conde seo Feb 26 '17 at 14:30

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

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    There is a difference between a slash (/) and a hyphen (-) in semantics. The slash signifies semantic clusters, terms to be considered together and separate from other clusters, while the hyphen only signifies the separation of terms. So for /categoryname/1111-some_product_name, /categoryname/ and 1111-some_product_name are two separate clusters to be semantically weighted separately, and the hyphen (-) and underscores (_) 1111-some_product_name act as term separators only. Semantics can see terms accurately if concatenated so that categoryname will be category name. Cheers!! – closetnoc Feb 27 '17 at 16:43
  • Thank you! Looking at your answer and the answer from Rob, I see that the best strategy is to structure URLs like Rob suggested. So, more relevant keywords like category name and product name are following each other, and non-relevant search terms (i.e., ID) are at the very end. – Volodymyr Usarskyy Mar 2 '17 at 21:53
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Google, at least, will consider a name with a hyphen in it as part of the whole. In other words, the name of a product with a URI of "1111-product" will become "1111 product". So, it would make more sense to use a URI with the actual product name followed by any variation of the name or product: "/product/1111".

That can then be thought of product ID 1111. If you come out with a new variation or model of that product, it can have an URI of /product/2222.

This is actually how we do things in a REST methodology.

I would not use underscores. Use hyphens for the reason I gave above. Google considers hyphens to be spaces in listings while underscores are not (if I recall correctly).

In addition, underscores are often missed in the address bar cause they're harder to see.

There are other reasons for not using underscores that I just don't recall right now but I abandoned any thoughts of using them 10 years ago.

  • OK, so basically, if I have no other option than to keep "1111" as part of the product name, it is better to place it at the end, right? The URL will look like mywebshop.com/categoryname/some_product_name-1111 which technically should improve SEO results. P.S.: in my case I can change code as I need, so I will restructure URL as you advised. – Volodymyr Usarskyy Mar 2 '17 at 21:49
  • No, I'm saying it should be like this: mywebshop.com/categoryname/some-product-name/1111 where the slashes indicate a modified version of the product. If you use a hyphen, as you show, then the 1111 will be included as part of the product name. – Rob Mar 2 '17 at 23:07

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