Simple answer is no... however additional information appearing in the serps can indirectly improve your SEO because people are more inclined to click things that shows additional information, particularly review stars as a good example.
Obviously the more traffic your site receives the higher the chance of someone linking to the site or sharing it on social media which effectively increases your SEO directly, and naturally.
Whether structured data affects rankings has been the subject of much
discussion and many experiments. As of yet, there is no conclusive
evidence that this markup improves rankings. But there are some
indications that search results with more extensive rich snippets
(like those created using Schema) will have a better click-through
rate. For best results, experiment with Schema markup to see how your
audience responds to the resulting rich snippets.