For questions about handling multiple human languages

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72
votes
7answers
15k views

How should I structure my URLs for both SEO and localization?

When I set up a site in multiple languages, how should I set up my URLs for search engines and usability? Let's say my site is www.example.com, and I'm translating into French and Spanish. What is ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Value of the HTML5 lang attribute

I'm working on a website which will offer localized content following the language+region approach as described on this W3.org page (e.g. fr-CA for Canadian French content, and fr-FR for "French ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Alternative to .htaccess (due to bad performance)

I've been told that .htaccess should be avoided when possible, as it reduces the server performance and new servers disable it or just don't implement it any more. I don't know how true this is, but ...
8
votes
3answers
139 views

How does SEO work for “non standard” languages?

I couldn't find a better word than "non standard" to describe my native language. It is quite an old language and it is spoken by around seven million people. The problem is that most of the people ...
7
votes
1answer
619 views

Difference between meta tags Content-Language and language

What's the difference between these two meta-tags <meta http-equiv="Content-Language" content="de, en"/> <meta name="language" content="de, en"> Are they both needed?
7
votes
1answer
697 views

SEO impact of using non-Latin characters in URL

Is there a negative SEO impact if I use non-Latin characters in my URL? For example, suppose I want to have a page about sweets. I am targeting the keyword お菓子 which is in Japanese. Should I go for ...
7
votes
2answers
252 views

When selecting the language of a web page solely with content negotiation, will a search engine ever see different languages?

I've done a simple, small site which basically only consists of a single page. Simplicity and no clutter are very intentional here and (imho) work quite well for this from a UX standpoint. Now I'm ...
6
votes
2answers
617 views

For SEO, should the path portion of the URL be localized?

I have a site that have localized content. I would like to know if it's really important to also translate the URL paths to access the content. For example: Today, I'm handling the URLS like these: ...
6
votes
2answers
727 views

Is it better to have one website with two languages or two websites with different languages in terms of SEO?

I would like to know if in terms of SEO, is it better have one website with two languages or two websites with different languages? For example, I would like to have a website with the content in ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Best practise for meta tags in various languages

We have a global site, all hosted on one .com domain (www.example.com/en www.example.com/es www.example.com/pt www.example.com/ru etc.) Each language sub directory is identical to one another, apart ...
5
votes
3answers
281 views

Can a <link /> element's href attribute be relative?

Can I use: <link rel="alternate" hreflang="en" href="?l=en" /> to link pages with different languages for SEO (recommended for example by Google)? Can that URL be relative as in the example ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How does Google determine duplicate content when it's translated into different languages?

I was wondering how duplicate content in another language works. Google requests that you use canonical links to determine duplicate content or duplicates of your pages to avoid duplicate content in ...
5
votes
2answers
373 views

Rel = translation

I can't find much online about rel="translation" We have tutorials and manual entries which we are going to get users to translate. If the original page in English is: http://www.scirra.com/...
5
votes
2answers
203 views

Privacy Policy for an english site that is located in france but is owned people in Italy

I'm really having some difficulties with the Privacy Policy for my site, the website in question is written in English but hosted in France, in additional to this the website is owned by people in ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

I18n website and URL prefix iso639

I'm adding i18n to my website. For translated pages I add iso639 code of the language like this: http://example.com/en/mypage.php But I'm curious about language code. Should I use iso639-1 (en) or ...
5
votes
1answer
667 views

HTML Lang ISO Code

I have a multi-language site for English and Chinese (Hong Kong). My previous setting for Chinese Hong Kong (zh-hk) had: <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" dir="ltr" lang="zh-hk" xml:lang="...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

Using hreflang to specify a catchall language

We have a site primarily targeted at the UK market, and are adding a US-market alternative. As per Google's recommendations: To indicate to Google that you want the German version of the page to ...
4
votes
1answer
581 views

Am I violating AdSense TOS by allowing Google Translate widget to translate into unsupported languages?

DETAILS I want to use a Google Translate widget/plugin on my website. The website is written in English and has AdSense code embedded in it. The website is aimed at a global market, but because of ...
4
votes
2answers
997 views

What's the best way to determine users' preferred language?

In determining which language to display content in by default, there are, as far as I know, three basic methods: Examine the Accept headers sent by the browser. Use IP geolocation to determine the ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

SEO publishing non-English articles

I have a Slovak language websites and I would like to publish unique SEO articles, but all Slovak webs with PR2 and higher are paid for publishing. In this case I would like to try publish them on ...
4
votes
0answers
852 views

Chrome says my website is Serbian…how do I “force” chrome to use english? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I prevent Google mistakenly offering to translate a page? Our website is based in the U.S. and all of our users are in the U.S. and the site is written in english. ...
3
votes
2answers
40 views

How can a two language page (about learning a language) be optimized for search engines?

I know that there are lots of docs about multi-languages website, but still cannot find a solution for my problem: I'm building a website to help people to learn Italian. The site contains pages with ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Using productontology in Schema.org for another language?

I have a site that is in two languages, German and English. For each version of the site I am defining different schema.org markups. For example, the descriptions provided are in German or English ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

How to SEO pages with adaptively loaded alternative language on same URL?

So, when each page has content on it's own language we use HREFLANG attributes and it's all fine. But now, if I build a page in English but if user picks to display it in another language, I won't ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Multiple languages what to do with title tags alt tags etc

The title says it all: Multiple languages what to do with title tags alt tags etc. I found a similar questions but the answer was not exactly what I was hoping for. Situation: 1 WordPress ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

SEO & Multilingual: would be this a good practise?

I am currently making a bilingual website and I'd like to get nice SEO results of course. Here's my idea: The internal links would be composed of the "www" subdomain so that people can share links ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Multiple Language Website and SEO [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I get search engines to crawl my site and see a localised view of my data? Sorry, this post became a bit loquacious - but I haven't found any satisfactory answers ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

How to stop Japanese characters displaying badly on Windows?

I'm making a site that targets English speakers, but due to the subject nature (general Japanese culture), it's becoming increasingly obvious that there'll be some chunks of Japanese text on at least ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

How to tell google that 2 different domains are for the same website

I have a website which is in Arabic language, I want to make an English version of my website, but here is the problem: The English version of the website has a TOTALLY different domain than the ...
3
votes
2answers
521 views

Google is displaying “Translate this page” based on a previously registered domain inbound links

I recently started a new project with a newly registered generic tld domain. As soon as Google started indexing the page, it displayed a "translate this page" in SERP's, which tries to translate the ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

Multilingual Publishing Pack (MLP): make a link to the corresponding page in the another language?

I am helping to build a bilingual website using MLP on TextPattern. It's trivial to put a link to the top level page of another language, but how to put a link to the current page in another language? ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

SEO - Redirect on first page (site.com -> site.com/en)

I have website with multiple languages and at first entrance it checks for cookie and if no cookie is present then it defaults to English language and redirects to site.com/en. So basically every ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

How can we find the develpoment language of a specific website? [duplicate]

first of all i m sorry if i post this thread on wrong website. Now my question is: is there any method/trick to find the programming (scripting) language of a website on which that website is ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

input type=“file” default language is system language?

I have a question, let's say I have <input type="file" name="image" />. Will the text of the button will change if user will have different language as his system default one? If so than how can ...
2
votes
2answers
366 views

My site is showing up in Google's search results with a Norwegian language parameter on the URL

When I make a search on Google and find my website; then I see the URL (the green line below the page title) is saying www.domain.dk/?lang=nb. I found out that nb is short for Norwegian. How do I ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Google Analytics what is the differences between same visitor languages

Wondering about my google analytics visitor languages. It shows de and de-de. Is there any difference between them, if yes what do they mean? Is there a possability to get them all together in one ...
2
votes
1answer
344 views

Are inconsistent language tags bad for SEO

Our website offers 3 languages in the following manner: -English: www.example.org/en with <html xml:lang="en" lang="en"> -Spanish: www.example.org/es with <html xml:lang="es" lang="es"> -...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

HTML (4.01) “lang” attribute: Best practice / Browser compat for where to place: HTML or BODY?

I'm just creating a new site from scratch. Each page in that site will have a default language and I'd like the markup to reflect it because there will be multiple languages. I'm using HTML 4.01 and ...
2
votes
4answers
340 views

Which scripting language for server maintenance? [closed]

What scripting do you use for basic server maintenance kinds of tasks, e.g. backups, moving files around, etc.? Do you stick to bash, ruby, perl, something else, or do you mix-and-match for different ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

htaccess need automatic redirect + language + SEO urls

I am trying to achieve more things: HTTP:// should redirect to HTTPS:// www.example.com should redirect to www.example.com/en/ or /it/ depending on client language links should resolve to www....
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Google Webmaster Tools incorrect rel-alternate-hreflang implementation warning message

I'm getting this warning message in Google Webmaster Tools: Incorrect rel-alternate-hreflang implementation In particular, there seems to be a problem with missing or incorrect bi-directional ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Patterns for creating a Language Switcher?

I'm a big fan of the book The Design Of Sites which has patterns for diverse things needed in webmastering and site design. However the topic about translation, localization and internationalization ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

I have a website with two languages. Should I use a Keyword strategy for each language?

My website has two languages and different URLs for each language. The site is about learning English but the company is Spanish (and located in Spain). We also sell online courses for English ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Does Mediawiki need to be installed twice to support a second website in another language?

I have a wiki which has English as the default language. Now I want the same wiki in "Malayalam". I already have the translated contents with me. How do I achieve this? Should I create a sub-domain? ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Do all pages have to be added to XML Sitemaps?

I'm planning to add an XML Sitemap to a client's existing website. According to this, it will help define the difference between the root website (aimed at UK) and the US website (aimed at the United ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Should I just ban everyone who has no language setting?

I am constantly seeing in my logs the same type of visitor: They have no language setting, i.e. $_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE'] == '' so it's empty, and their referrer is some scam server in ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Correctly handling multi language URL's in sitemaps

I have an English page: https://www.example.com/content/article-1 This page is also avaliable in other languages at the URLs: https://www.example.com/de/content/article-1 https://www.example.com/...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Google showing snippets from the corresponding English page when the search and page are in Dutch

I have a website that is in two languages, English and Dutch. The URL structure is the following; domain is like mydomain.nl and and English page has URL mydomain.nl/en/pagename and Dutch has ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

multilingual domains both crawled and come up to the wrong audience

I have a domain with multilingual support through subdomains. Each language version is identical besides the titles which are translated. e.g.: domain.com ja.domain.com es.domain.com I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Transferring users and search engines to a new domain

I've been asked to take over the maintenance of an existing site that's being reworked. At present it's serving localised content for several languages, but via a fairly unhelpful mechanism that ...