Internationalization is the process of designing and implementing a website with flexibility in how it handles language, text, number formatting, and other details that differ by culture. This makes it cheaper and easier to localize a website to different languages and cultures later.

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38
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7answers
5k views

How should I structure my URLs for both SEO and localization?

When I set up a site in multiple languages, how should I set up my URLs for search engines and usability? Let's say my site is www.example.com, and I'm translating into French and Spanish. What is ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Value of the HTML5 lang attribute

I'm working on a website which will offer localized content following the language+region approach as described on this W3.org page (e.g. fr-CA for Canadian French content, and fr-FR for "French ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What countries require a state/province in the mailing address?

I'm creating a form and want to require / hide the state/province field based on the selected country. What countries require a state in the mailing address? For example, the United States does.
5
votes
1answer
2k views

link rel=“alternate”, multiple languages and canonical urls

Context: We've got a website which is available in multiple language versions. However, the content is the same. Each translated version of the site is available on a distinct subdomain. On some ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

How can I compile an IP address to country lookup database to make available for free?

How would I go about compiling an accurate database of IP addresses and their related countries to make available as an open source download for any web developer who wants to perform a geographic IP ...
4
votes
3answers
246 views

SEO consequences for merging country sites in a .com

I am in the process of refactoring a number of rental portals I've built for a company with locations in Austria, Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. Instead of the current setting of each ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Redirect based on country

Let's say I have a site that has multiple versions for different countries, e.g.: www.example.com/us www.example.com/uk www.example.com/ca and I want to use IP geolocation to redirect users who go ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Should I transliterate my URL paths?

I looked around and can't find any info on this, I must be searching the wrong terms or something because it must be a common question. If you have non-ASCII characters in your URLs, Firefox and ...
4
votes
4answers
129 views

How can I view localized versions of my site?

We are adding internationalization to our site. We are getting the client's IP address from the headers and looking it up against the IP2location database to get the client's country. Several of ...
3
votes
3answers
245 views

How to use the canonical tag for multiregion websites and duplicate content

We want to use the canonical tag for an multiple region website with the same content. For Example: www.example.com/services.htm www.example.com/uk/services.htm Then if we use the canonical tag ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Separate URLs for localised content

Should pages which are almost identical, bar a few minor changes for particular locations, share the same URL? I am not talking of pages in different languages, but pages which have minor differences ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

SEO & Multilingual: would be this a good practise?

I am currently making a bilingual website and I'd like to get nice SEO results of course. Here's my idea: The internal links would be composed of the "www" subdomain so that people can share links ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Can I have HTML link element both in headers and sitemap?

For a multilingual site In my sitemap I am using: <url> <loc>http://www.xxxx/en</loc> <changefreq>daily</changefreq> <xhtml:link rel="alternate" hreflang="en" ...
3
votes
2answers
257 views

Localized CAPTCHA

What are effective CAPTCHA solutions that can have localized description, and CAPTCHA text itself is either language-neutral, or can be localized (for Polish language)? It is to be used to protect a ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

Multilingual Publishing Pack (MLP): make a link to the corresponding page in the another language?

I am helping to build a bilingual website using MLP on TextPattern. It's trivial to put a link to the top level page of another language, but how to put a link to the current page in another language? ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

How to translate Umlauts and other International characters to US character set? [closed]

Is there a "translation table" that shows how International characters map to the US character set. For example, German umlauts can be translated like: ä = ae ö = oe ü = ue or French characters ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Website localization when using the same domain

I'm thinking of a website which is basically the following: users can push some pins on a map with some text and additional information regarding the location they are pinning other users can see ...
2
votes
2answers
370 views

Patterns for creating a Language Switcher?

I'm a big fan of the book The Design Of Sites which has patterns for diverse things needed in webmastering and site design. However the topic about translation, localization and internationalization ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Chinese CAPTCHAs

I need to implement a CAPTCHA for a Chinese (Simplified) website. Does anyone know how CAPTCHAs are normally presented on Chinese sites? I have seen some which just display standard decimal numbers ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

How do I write IDN domains?

How do I write a IDN domain name with IDN codes? E.g. mjölk.com with IDN codes? (mjölk is milk in swedish) And is there any list of available IDN codes and letters? E.g. all possible for .com ?
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Incorrect rel-alternate-hreflang implementation

Google Webmaster Tools advised the following to us: We have noticed that on a number of the pages on your site the rel-alternate-hreflang implementation is incorrect. In particular, there ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

How do I make dotCMS pick up the preferred language from the browser's settings?

I have a bilingual dotCMS site. Switching between languages with the pulldown at the top of the page works great, but the default language is always English (or whatever else I configure). I'd much ...
2
votes
2answers
352 views

A JavaScript Rich Editor That Doesn't Convert Non-ASCII Text to Character Entities?

I am working on a site for Spanish speakers, and I am looking for a UTF-8 enabled JavaScript Rich Text Editor that preserves non-ascii characters as text, instead of entity encoding. That is, when I ...
2
votes
1answer
358 views

Combining hreflang links, canonical tags and xml:lang on multilingual, multiregional and multi-subdomains websites?

I have a multilingual and multiregional (using different subdomains) website and I'm not sure how to handle those 3 elements. To summarize here are the hreflang links that I generate on each page ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

Test different timezones

What is a simple way to temporarily change the timezone in Chrome so as to test how a site renders for different locations? On OSX Mountain Lion, I've tried as bash script with: export ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Which domain better for language version?

My company is based in Russia and it's website is mycompany.ru. Now, we are planning to launch German language version and we have option for two domains: mycompany.de germankeyword.ru Which one ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

What's the best way to split up the multilingual parts of my site? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How should I structure my urls for both SEO and localization? I want to have my site available in several different languages. I've seen some sites that use country code ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

About the semantically related words Google's algorithm uses in mixed language websites

Because I'm Latin, sometimes I use a word in English while talking in Spanish. In a website, for example, I could be interested in ranking for a word as “promoter” inside a page in Spanish, because ...
2
votes
2answers
232 views

Will duplicate international (i18n) content hinder SEO rankings?

Google clearly states that duplicate content within a single, or multiple, domains is not advised. This is understood, but I am not sure of any exceptions for sites with region-specific content that ...
2
votes
2answers
264 views

International Domain Names - Can I just register the punycode with any registrar?

I'm thinking of getting a non-ASCII Internationalized Domain Name (e.g. thé.com). However my current domain registrar doesn't do IDNs. Their web form reports an invalid domain name when I try to enter ...
1
vote
3answers
221 views

Language prefixes

Based on other discussions on this site and elsewhere, using flags to identify languages is the path to madness. Nevertheless, I need an easy way to identify the language of individual content items ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

How to maximize SEO of an internationalized website? [closed]

I am developing a website that should be multi languages. I would like your opinions about what the best way to do it, considering get the most SEO possible. I have these alternatives: Altarnative ...
1
vote
3answers
398 views

Will loading meta tags dynamically from a database hurt the site?

I have a website (ASP.NET MVC) which has its contents mainly in Sinhala language. So the search engines will list my site only when someone searches for Sinhala words. But,I need to list my site's ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Using microdata itemprop and itemtype for non-English websites

How should I use microdata itemprop and itemtype for non-English websites? Is there a way to define vocabulary for non-English websites, and what itemprop values can be used? Are itemprop values self ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

PayPal buy now button to charge different amount depending on the country the user is from

Customers to my website who are from the USA need to pay more P&P then UK customers. How do I make a PayPal button which charges a different amount depending on the country the user is from?
1
vote
2answers
183 views

Multiple domains with one host - SEO point of view

Lets say I currently own the mycompanyname.com domain. After some time, I found that it's very hard to rank at the top of the SERPs. After searching, I find there is domain that matches one of my ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Where can I get ISO lists for continent, country, and currency to use on my web pages?

I have done quite a bit of looking around, and found several lists based on the ISO standards, but of dubious quality, e.g. with null or blank entries, extra entries that are not real currencies etc. ...
1
vote
2answers
662 views

Can duplicate content on a .com and a .co.uk site impact google ranking? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is duplicate content and how can I avoid being penalized for it on my site? Can you please tell me if launching a .co.uk version of an English .com site can cause ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

How do URLs work in a country with non-latin chars?

How do URLs work in other countries? Let's say India or China that use non A-Z characters. Do they use English terms in the URL? Or can they write characters in urls like: सच्चाई.html
1
vote
1answer
210 views

What is the challenge with Korean websites?

I have been asked if the web CMS I work on can do Korean websites - prompted because other CMS's seemingly have problems doing this. I have no prior experience with Korean websites, but after looking ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Do I have duplicate content issues to be worried about? [duplicate]

We built a website targeting different regions but with the same English language (Ireland, England and America). The content for the most part is the same set up on 3 different subfolders. ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How to implement hreflang on a single domain?

Large amounts of a company's (English) content are duplicated across the following ccTLDs: example.co.uk example.com example.au example.ie example.co.nz The issue is that, realistically, we can ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Site structure changes possibly led to ranking losses

Problem Last monday we changed our german only site from using wordpress to our own multi-lingual rails app. Since then our rankings dropped dramatically. I would like to know if the the recent ...
1
vote
2answers
223 views

Language Specific URLs for SEO

I'm currently building a website that is not targeted to an English speaking audience. So my thoughts are that if I were to make the URLs in the language of choice (in this case Spanish) then would ...
1
vote
1answer
461 views

What's the best TLD for a personal, international website? [closed]

I'd like to register a domain for myself. On it, I'll publish SciFi stories that I'm writing. The stories will be available in English and German (the two languages that I know) but if fans want to ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Right “time” for publishing on multinational/global websites?

I have a website on which I publish a daily update. Its just german, so Germany/Austria/Switzerland which all share the same timezone. So the system always publishes the daily new content at ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

“good” way to redirect users and robots for internationalization?

I have a website in Spanish and English. When there isn't any subdomain selected the preferred language is taken from the browser preferred language or a cookie. I have the following URLs ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Is it possible to create a role in Drupal which only has permission to edit pages in a certain language?

Our Drupal site supports multiple languages and I would like to allow our language experts the ability to customize the individual pages, but I would like to avoid giving them access to the English ...
1
vote
3answers
162 views

Should I have a separate URL for each language and each page? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How should I structure my urls for both SEO and localization? Please be specific, I already plan to change the language based on the Accept Language header, and then any ...
0
votes
2answers
368 views

300, 302, 303 or 307 redirect for international site?

A company website offers the same products and pages (more or less) across different countries. It's a mess; they use a mix of subdirectories, subdomains and ccTLDs for international sites: ...