Internationalization is the process of designing and implementing a website with flexibility in how it handles language, text, number formatting, and other details that differ by culture. This makes it cheaper and easier to localize a website to different languages and cultures later.

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International Targeting “no return tags”

Google Webmaster Tools has added an International Targeting Report to show hreflang errors. There's a section that reports "no return tags" errors with Originating URL & Alternate URL columns. ...
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59 views

How does hreflang interact with geo targeting?

If I have multiple subfolders that I wish to target at different countries, I'm thinking the ideal set up would be to specify rel="alternative" hreflang with a language AND country code (e.g. en-AU) ...
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256 views

Will duplicate international (i18n) content hinder SEO rankings?

Google clearly states that duplicate content within a single, or multiple, domains is not advised. This is understood, but I am not sure of any exceptions for sites with region-specific content that ...
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18 views

I18n website and URL prefix iso639

I'm adding i18n to my website. For translated pages I add iso639 code of the language like this: http://example.com/en/mypage.php But I'm curious about language code. Should I use iso639-1 (en) or ...
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27 views

Where is name=“lc” defined as a meta tag?

I've noticed that ea.com includes a <meta name="lc" content="en_us"/> tag on their website which changes for each language/country (<meta name="lc" content="en_gb"/>, <meta name="lc" ...
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20 views

Google sitemap HrefLang tag without the main site url

We have websites with multilingual content. e.g. http://www.example.com/about-us/ http://www.example.com/en-HK/about-us/ http://www.example.com/en-GB/about-us/ ...
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32 views

How to inspect code in case of Arabic language?

In case of English, I am able to view by inspect element directly. I want to do the same for Arabic. Using body{direction:rtl} only flips some views but it does not apply body.rtl specific CSS ...
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77 views

Hreflang or geotargeting?

I have a client who wishes to target various subfolders to every region that speaks the language each particular subfolder is written in. The subfolders are all translations of the English version. ...
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1answer
49 views

Correct way of internationalizing links

I am interested in a correct way to show search engine that the link is a translation of some content to another language. For example: you have some article written in German. So this is original ...
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27 views

How local is each country's version of Google?

I know that you can drill down on the particular language or country version of google from "Search tools," but even discounting for that, and removing personalisation etc, I'm still seeing different ...
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62 views

Will foreign content with rel=“alternative” hreflang affect my SEO ranking?

I'm running an internationalized web service with user-created content (study notes). Most content is from Polish version, although we have younger Turkish and Russian versions too. Each version uses ...
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264 views

Incorrect rel-alternate-hreflang implementation

Google Webmaster Tools advised the following to us: We have noticed that on a number of the pages on your site the rel-alternate-hreflang implementation is incorrect. In particular, there ...
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142 views

Can I have HTML link element both in headers and sitemap?

For a multilingual site In my sitemap I am using: <url> <loc>http://www.xxxx/en</loc> <changefreq>daily</changefreq> <xhtml:link rel="alternate" hreflang="en" ...
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3answers
251 views

How to use the canonical tag for multiregion websites and duplicate content

We want to use the canonical tag for an multiple region website with the same content. For Example: www.example.com/services.htm www.example.com/uk/services.htm Then if we use the canonical tag ...
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0answers
6 views

Country specific website URL for SEO [duplicate]

I am developing a new site and have two domains. One is the .com domain and the other is the country specific .in domain . The market for my products is both in India and and globally and outside of ...
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2answers
74 views

PayPal buy now button to charge different amount depending on the country the user is from

Customers to my website who are from the USA need to pay more P&P then UK customers. How do I make a PayPal button which charges a different amount depending on the country the user is from?
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15 views

What is the best strategy for multilingual websites [duplicate]

I've been asked to create a site which targets multiple languages. The client is multilingual themselves so coming up with the content in different languages is no problem. My aim is to get the best ...
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2answers
186 views

Multiple domains with one host - SEO point of view

Lets say I currently own the mycompanyname.com domain. After some time, I found that it's very hard to rank at the top of the SERPs. After searching, I find there is domain that matches one of my ...
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2answers
61 views

Website localization when using the same domain

I'm thinking of a website which is basically the following: users can push some pins on a map with some text and additional information regarding the location they are pinning other users can see ...
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7 views

How do avoid dupe content with different countries+locales? [duplicate]

I'm considering hosting different translations of my web site via a subdirectory for each; for example: http://www.mydomain.com/en-US/ http://www.mydomain.com/en-CA/ http://www.mydomain.com/fr-CA/ ...
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1answer
2k views

link rel=“alternate”, multiple languages and canonical urls

Context: We've got a website which is available in multiple language versions. However, the content is the same. Each translated version of the site is available on a distinct subdomain. On some ...
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67 views

multiple languages same pages shall I change the page URL path as well?

We own multiple country code top-level domains for our website e.g DE, UK ,FR. When someone visits for one of those domains they redirect to .com and the language automatically changes for the ...
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3answers
427 views

Will loading meta tags dynamically from a database hurt the site?

I have a website (ASP.NET MVC) which has its contents mainly in Sinhala language. So the search engines will list my site only when someone searches for Sinhala words. But,I need to list my site's ...
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197 views

Multilingual Publishing Pack (MLP): make a link to the corresponding page in the another language?

I am helping to build a bilingual website using MLP on TextPattern. It's trivial to put a link to the top level page of another language, but how to put a link to the current page in another language? ...
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56 views

Using microdata itemprop and itemtype for non-English websites

How should I use microdata itemprop and itemtype for non-English websites? Is there a way to define vocabulary for non-English websites, and what itemprop values can be used? Are itemprop values self ...
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85 views

How to implement hreflang on a single domain?

Large amounts of a company's (English) content are duplicated across the following ccTLDs: example.co.uk example.com example.au example.ie example.co.nz The issue is that, realistically, we can ...
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72 views

Do I have duplicate content issues to be worried about? [duplicate]

We built a website targeting different regions but with the same English language (Ireland, England and America). The content for the most part is the same set up on 3 different subfolders. ...
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3answers
2k views

Value of the HTML5 lang attribute

I'm working on a website which will offer localized content following the language+region approach as described on this W3.org page (e.g. fr-CA for Canadian French content, and fr-FR for "French ...
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2answers
437 views

Patterns for creating a Language Switcher?

I'm a big fan of the book The Design Of Sites which has patterns for diverse things needed in webmastering and site design. However the topic about translation, localization and internationalization ...
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133 views

Sitemaps: rel=“alternate” hreflang=“x” naming

I'm creating a Sitemap for rel="alternate" hreflang="x", but no where in Google's guidelines do they mention how it should be named. Also can we reference it separately in the robots.txt file, or does ...
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71 views

Is implementing rel=“alternate” hreflang=“x” mark up the right thing to do here?

We have a website for a restaurant that is in 5 different countries, all pages are in English at present: http://www.example.com/bangkok/en/ http://www.example.com/dubai/en/ ...
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7answers
6k views

How should I structure my URLs for both SEO and localization?

When I set up a site in multiple languages, how should I set up my URLs for search engines and usability? Let's say my site is www.example.com, and I'm translating into French and Spanish. What is ...
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2answers
494 views

300, 302, 303 or 307 redirect for international site?

A company website offers the same products and pages (more or less) across different countries. It's a mess; they use a mix of subdirectories, subdomains and ccTLDs for international sites: ...
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4answers
1k views

How can I compile an IP address to country lookup database to make available for free?

How would I go about compiling an accurate database of IP addresses and their related countries to make available as an open source download for any web developer who wants to perform a geographic IP ...
2
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1answer
497 views

Combining hreflang links, canonical tags and xml:lang on multilingual, multiregional and multi-subdomains websites?

I have a multilingual and multiregional (using different subdomains) website and I'm not sure how to handle those 3 elements. To summarize here are the hreflang links that I generate on each page ...
0
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1answer
889 views

SEO implications of having multiple languages available at same URL

I am in the process of translating a set of websites to multiple languages. Would there be any negative implications if I were to serve each different language from identical URLs? I fully intend to ...
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2answers
234 views

Test different timezones

What is a simple way to temporarily change the timezone in Chrome so as to test how a site renders for different locations? On OSX Mountain Lion, I've tried as bash script with: export ...
2
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1answer
156 views

About the semantically related words Google's algorithm uses in mixed language websites

Because I'm Latin, sometimes I use a word in English while talking in Spanish. In a website, for example, I could be interested in ranking for a word as “promoter” inside a page in Spanish, because ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Which domain better for language version?

My company is based in Russia and it's website is mycompany.ru. Now, we are planning to launch German language version and we have option for two domains: mycompany.de germankeyword.ru Which one ...
2
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1answer
226 views

How do I make dotCMS pick up the preferred language from the browser's settings?

I have a bilingual dotCMS site. Switching between languages with the pulldown at the top of the page works great, but the default language is always English (or whatever else I configure). I'd much ...
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2answers
739 views

Can duplicate content on a .com and a .co.uk site impact google ranking? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is duplicate content and how can I avoid being penalized for it on my site? Can you please tell me if launching a .co.uk version of an English .com site can cause ...
3
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2answers
120 views

Separate URLs for localised content

Should pages which are almost identical, bar a few minor changes for particular locations, share the same URL? I am not talking of pages in different languages, but pages which have minor differences ...
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2answers
127 views

How to maximize SEO of an internationalized website? [closed]

I am developing a website that should be multi languages. I would like your opinions about what the best way to do it, considering get the most SEO possible. I have these alternatives: Altarnative ...
4
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3answers
250 views

SEO consequences for merging country sites in a .com

I am in the process of refactoring a number of rental portals I've built for a company with locations in Austria, Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. Instead of the current setting of each ...
4
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4answers
130 views

How can I view localized versions of my site?

We are adding internationalization to our site. We are getting the client's IP address from the headers and looking it up against the IP2location database to get the client's country. Several of ...
3
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0answers
87 views

How to translate Umlauts and other International characters to US character set? [closed]

Is there a "translation table" that shows how International characters map to the US character set. For example, German umlauts can be translated like: ä = ae ö = oe ü = ue or French characters ...
7
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2answers
2k views

What countries require a state/province in the mailing address?

I'm creating a form and want to require / hide the state/province field based on the selected country. What countries require a state in the mailing address? For example, the United States does.
3
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211 views

SEO & Multilingual: would be this a good practise?

I am currently making a bilingual website and I'd like to get nice SEO results of course. Here's my idea: The internal links would be composed of the "www" subdomain so that people can share links ...
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172 views

Should I transliterate my URL paths?

I looked around and can't find any info on this, I must be searching the wrong terms or something because it must be a common question. If you have non-ASCII characters in your URLs, Firefox and ...
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132 views

Site structure changes possibly led to ranking losses

Problem Last monday we changed our german only site from using wordpress to our own multi-lingual rails app. Since then our rankings dropped dramatically. I would like to know if the the recent ...