Internationalization is the process of designing and implementing a website with flexibility in how it handles language, text, number formatting, and other details that differ by culture. This makes it cheaper and easier to localize a website to different languages and cultures later.

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3
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2answers
27 views

How can I target specific countries with global site under gTLD using sub-directory for each targeted country?

We're building a global platform for a large client who want a range of sites targeting different countries all hosted under a single gTLD, so domain.com/uk will be a UK-specific site, domain.com/fr ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

hreflang values for domain hacks

My publisher site uses a domain hack (not included in the ccTLDs treated as generic). I understand that Matt Cutts and Google have made statements on foreign ccTLDs trying to target other audiences: ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Content language different to menu language and SEO

I have built a website for a client following Google's multi-language website guide. It allows to create a project (tutorial) in a user specified language. Depending on the project language the URL ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Multi country redirect working with google

I have company.com, us.company.com and ca.company.com, all using the same language, however, displaying different content e.g. pricing, imagery and text I want the site to be displayed in Google as ...
2
votes
2answers
215 views

When the page language can be determined by the browser settings, which URLs should go into sitemaps?

At this moment our website both uses the language in the url like "en" and localizes the url itself ("books" in english and "boeken" in dutch). Because of the history of making our website ...
1
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1answer
35 views

SEO impact on using Unicode escapes over encoded characters?

For text content on a site - say for example, a Chinese language site I could use HTML escapes: ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

I18n website and URL prefix iso639

I'm adding i18n to my website. For translated pages I add iso639 code of the language like this: http://example.com/en/mypage.php But I'm curious about language code. Should I use iso639-1 (en) or ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

zip files extract in cPanel encode non-ASCII file names

In my manual-restore-from-backup procedure, I download the backup as .zip, upload it to my website, and then extract it using cPanel's File Manager "extract" feature. It works, but my site contains ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

Will Googlebot have trouble crawling a site if we have such international redirects based on location and cookie?

So, we have an international site with multiple subdomains for each language. We have hreflang markup in place (+ sitemaps), but we also detect where users come from and redirect them to appropriate ...
6
votes
3answers
110 views

How to handle SEO for brand that has a special character in the name

I am building a website (small online retail store) for a company whose brand name has a special character in it. The name of the brand is actually a legitimate Polish word that has an Ł, which is an ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

How can I compile an IP address to country lookup database to make available for free?

How would I go about compiling an accurate database of IP addresses and their related countries to make available as an open source download for any web developer who wants to perform a geographic IP ...
2
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0answers
35 views

Special DNS needed to resolve .中国 cc TLD (Simplified Mandarin character TLD)?

I thought I had a good handle on international DNS, which is only even slightly tricky with a handful of differently-regulated countries' TLD's, but .中国 is throwing me for a loop. A Chinese friend ...
21
votes
11answers
2k views

SEO International Websites usage of sub domains and ccTLD domains

Is it better to have separate country specific domains (which costs more money) or sub domains which define the country, for better SEO? e.g. example.com example.com.au example.co.uk vs ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

English content on International page templates: how to mark it up with lang=“” attributes?

So, I have translated page templates to various languages so it's easier for users to pick their language for easier navigating and understanding the site. The pages have similar markup to this ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Multidomain site with duplicate content

Our client wants different domains for different countries where they have hearthquarters. So we would have www.example1.com, www.example2.us, www.example3.com.br, etc. (it is also multilanguage, with ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

International targeting with a single language

I was going through tons of documentation, forums, stackoverflow, etc trying to figure out what is the correct way to target international audience with a single language. The only thing that I could ...
5
votes
2answers
138 views

Should slug (SEO/user friendly URLs) contain only English letters?

Can I create slug with unicode letters since all the major browsers support unicode urls (so it won't be transformed into the utf8 equivalent), or should I always use English letters? For example: If ...
1
vote
4answers
106 views

Duplicate content on international websites

I'm helping on the SEO of an international group. Among others, there's a company.com website and a company.com.sa website (Saudi Arabia). They have got a new FAQ section on the .com website, in ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

How to serve for International Googlebots if we redirect users to subdomains for language matching?

So, we have a site and a few sub-domains with content in different languages and we're using Hreflang and canonical implementations for SEO. We do detect the language that users use in their browsers ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Is using translated keywords in the URL good for SEO? [duplicate]

I have an Chinese website. Is it good for SEO to translate the URL to English instead of using Chinese keywords in the URL? When I search for a keyword in Chinese, I notice that Google identifies ...
10
votes
2answers
8k views

International Targeting “no return tags”

Google Webmaster Tools has added an International Targeting Report to show hreflang errors. There's a section that reports "no return tags" errors with Originating URL & Alternate URL columns. ...
6
votes
1answer
331 views

Google Transliterator (input tools) is not suggesting words as typed when used on my site

I want a transliterator (Google's) to be embedded in my site. I tried embedding it and I mostly succeeded. It is showing translations, but all of them for a word typed one letter at a time like it ...
7
votes
2answers
309 views

Is having a landing page for multi-country websites detrimental for search engine ranking?

I have a multi-language / multi-country website which uses a single domain name. The url structure is as follows: country-name.example.com/language/ Ex: ca.example.com/en/ ca.example.com/fr/ ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Regionalised search results by subdirectory regions

We have a website which is regionalised by folder subdirectories e.g. www.example.com/uk/ www.example.com/de/ www.example.com/jp/ The content of the sites is mostly the same, with the main ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Does translating just the navigation but leaving the content untranslated lead to duplicate content SEO problems?

Imagine there is a page with video, it has hreflang tags setup, to lead let's say German visitors to /de/ folder. So, on that German version of page, everything like menus, navigation and such are in ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

google displays wrong language on multi language website because it takes cookies into consideration

I have a multiple language website that uses both subdomains and cookies to display the right language. Here is the logic on the website: de subdomain will display the German version fr subdomain ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

International SEO Currency & Google Snippets

I have an Australian Ecommerce site. I also sell to NZ and USA . As part of the user experience it will detect where you are and change the currency accordingly. so when google crawls - the currency ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Can I choose two geographic target countries for my website?

I have a website, the main target audience from two countries. In the Google Webmaster Tools you just can choose one location. Do I need to do something or just leave it alone?
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Translate URL query parameters

Just like it is always advisable to translate URL parts in order to internationalize a web site, is there any recommendation (W3C or such) regarding the translation of URL parameters (query strings)? ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Will Adding 'language' and 'region' to urls help geotargeting and SEO rank?

This site below has got a very strong seo presence. And I see it uses language=en and region=gb in the url. http://www.accuweather.com/en/gb/united-kingdom-weather Does anyone know if adding ...
4
votes
4answers
280 views

SEO consequences for merging country sites in a .com

I am in the process of refactoring a number of rental portals I've built for a company with locations in Austria, Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. Instead of the current setting of each ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Can you use the ccTLD for sub-directories when geotargeting?

I know when targeting a specific country or region the best way to do it with the the ccTLD. But if you choose the sub-directory route, should those sub-directories be named the same way you would use ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

I have a website with two languages. Should I use a Keyword strategy for each language?

My website has two languages and different URLs for each language. The site is about learning English but the company is Spanish (and located in Spain). We also sell online courses for English ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

Should href lang links be deep or point to the home page?

I have a website http://www.example.com/convert.html and would like to have multilanguage versions of the website; for example German (http://www.example.com/de/konvertieren.html) and French ...
63
votes
7answers
13k views

How should I structure my URLs for both SEO and localization?

When I set up a site in multiple languages, how should I set up my URLs for search engines and usability? Let's say my site is www.example.com, and I'm translating into French and Spanish. What is ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Keywords in different languages

I have a website which is mainly photos, and not a lot of text, except maybe landmark names (eiffel tower, hoover dam, etc) depending on what the user uploads. in SEO in english it works fine (if ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

How to identify and redirect visitors based on location?

The domain originally is in .sg (Reg. 2010) but since we wanted to reach global audience we have the .com (Parked Domain - Registered 2013). So we have two existing domains. The only problems is, ...
3
votes
2answers
454 views

Will duplicate international (i18n) content hinder SEO rankings?

Google clearly states that duplicate content within a single, or multiple, domains is not advised. This is understood, but I am not sure of any exceptions for sites with region-specific content that ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What is the SEO impact of hreflang attributes pointing to non-existent pages?

One of our clients got a huge international eCommerce website. We advised them to use the hreflang attribute since most of their product pages exist on all of their web shops. However, there are also ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Google showing snippets from the corresponding English page when the search and page are in Dutch

I have a website that is in two languages, English and Dutch. The URL structure is the following; domain is like mydomain.nl and and English page has URL mydomain.nl/en/pagename and Dutch has ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

What is the SEO effect of AJAX loading translated content from a global cookieless domain to several international TLDs?

We have one .com that has all our unique content and then 25 other ccltd sites that are translated versions of the .com for each country we operate in. We now want to serve up all static content of ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Should I split the site by language for better SEO when the English site has low quality content?

We have two versions of our website English and Arabic. Arabic is in a sub-directory (not a sub-domain). When we started looking at SEO, we found that most of our articles are plagiarized from ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Does Mediawiki need to be installed twice to support a second website in another language?

I have a wiki which has English as the default language. Now I want the same wiki in "Malayalam". I already have the translated contents with me. How do I achieve this? Should I create a sub-domain? ...
3
votes
1answer
464 views

Can .htaccess 301 redirects work with encoded characters?

I have an old site with titles in the URL for SEO, but it has URL encoded characters than transliterated Latin characters. Like %20 instead of space character and many other non-Latin characters. The ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

SEO implications of having multiple languages available at same URL

I am in the process of translating a set of websites to multiple languages. Would there be any negative implications if I were to serve each different language from identical URLs? I fully intend to ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

How does hreflang interact with geo targeting?

If I have multiple subfolders that I wish to target at different countries, I'm thinking the ideal set up would be to specify rel="alternative" hreflang with a language AND country code (e.g. en-AU) ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Geotargeting rel alternate - how to launch an international site?

Hoping you can help me out with some best practice here. I run an Aussie based job board called the Backpacker Job Board. The site ranks really well and has plenty of traffic. I want to launch a New ...
1
vote
1answer
431 views

Facebook “Share” and “Like” buttons always in English even when I specify another language

I'm displaying the Facebook share button on my website, but it always displays in English, even though I followed the guidelines for using another language. Here's my code: <script> ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Multi Regional Webmaster Tools Targeting

We have a multi regional website which uses a two character string after the main domain to define which region's content to show e.g. http://www.example.com/uk/ is the domain with English content ...
4
votes
2answers
42 views

Indexing internationalized pages

I've noticed that many websites use different URLs for different languages, e.g. de.wikipedia.org. I thought that was the entire purpose of existance for the Accept-Language HTTP header. It would be ...