Internationalization is the process of designing and implementing a website with flexibility in how it handles language, text, number formatting, and other details that differ by culture. This makes it cheaper and easier to localize a website to different languages and cultures later.

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37 views

Multi Regional Webmaster Tools Targeting

We have a multi regional website which uses a two character string after the main domain to define which region's content to show e.g. http://www.example.com/uk/ is the domain with English content ...
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2answers
34 views

Indexing internationalized pages

I've noticed that many websites use different URLs for different languages, e.g. de.wikipedia.org. I thought that was the entire purpose of existance for the Accept-Language HTTP header. It would be ...
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1answer
217 views

International Targeting “no return tags”

Google Webmaster Tools has added an International Targeting Report to show hreflang errors. There's a section that reports "no return tags" errors with Originating URL & Alternate URL columns. ...
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2answers
30 views

Where is name=“lc” defined as a meta tag?

I've noticed that ea.com includes a <meta name="lc" content="en_us"/> tag on their website which changes for each language/country (<meta name="lc" content="en_gb"/>, <meta name="lc" ...
2
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1answer
32 views

Google sitemap HrefLang tag without the main site url

We have websites with multilingual content. e.g. http://www.example.com/about-us/ http://www.example.com/en-HK/about-us/ http://www.example.com/en-GB/about-us/ ...
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37 views

How to inspect code in case of Arabic language?

In case of English, I am able to view by inspect element directly. I want to do the same for Arabic. Using body{direction:rtl} only flips some views but it does not apply body.rtl specific CSS ...
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1answer
50 views

Correct way of internationalizing links

I am interested in a correct way to show search engine that the link is a translation of some content to another language. For example: you have some article written in German. So this is original ...
0
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1answer
75 views

How does hreflang interact with geo targeting?

If I have multiple subfolders that I wish to target at different countries, I'm thinking the ideal set up would be to specify rel="alternative" hreflang with a language AND country code (e.g. en-AU) ...
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1answer
27 views

How local is each country's version of Google?

I know that you can drill down on the particular language or country version of google from "Search tools," but even discounting for that, and removing personalisation etc, I'm still seeing different ...
2
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1answer
91 views

Hreflang or geotargeting?

I have a client who wishes to target various subfolders to every region that speaks the language each particular subfolder is written in. The subfolders are all translations of the English version. ...
2
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1answer
23 views

I18n website and URL prefix iso639

I'm adding i18n to my website. For translated pages I add iso639 code of the language like this: http://example.com/en/mypage.php But I'm curious about language code. Should I use iso639-1 (en) or ...
2
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1answer
343 views

Incorrect rel-alternate-hreflang implementation

Google Webmaster Tools advised the following to us: We have noticed that on a number of the pages on your site the rel-alternate-hreflang implementation is incorrect. In particular, there ...
0
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1answer
71 views

Will foreign content with rel=“alternative” hreflang affect my SEO ranking?

I'm running an internationalized web service with user-created content (study notes). Most content is from Polish version, although we have younger Turkish and Russian versions too. Each version uses ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Can I have HTML link element both in headers and sitemap?

For a multilingual site In my sitemap I am using: <url> <loc>http://www.xxxx/en</loc> <changefreq>daily</changefreq> <xhtml:link rel="alternate" hreflang="en" ...
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0answers
7 views

Country specific website URL for SEO [duplicate]

I am developing a new site and have two domains. One is the .com domain and the other is the country specific .in domain . The market for my products is both in India and and globally and outside of ...
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0answers
15 views

What is the best strategy for multilingual websites [duplicate]

I've been asked to create a site which targets multiple languages. The client is multilingual themselves so coming up with the content in different languages is no problem. My aim is to get the best ...
2
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2answers
65 views

Website localization when using the same domain

I'm thinking of a website which is basically the following: users can push some pins on a map with some text and additional information regarding the location they are pinning other users can see ...
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0answers
7 views

How do avoid dupe content with different countries+locales? [duplicate]

I'm considering hosting different translations of my web site via a subdirectory for each; for example: http://www.mydomain.com/en-US/ http://www.mydomain.com/en-CA/ http://www.mydomain.com/fr-CA/ ...
0
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1answer
69 views

multiple languages same pages shall I change the page URL path as well?

We own multiple country code top-level domains for our website e.g DE, UK ,FR. When someone visits for one of those domains they redirect to .com and the language automatically changes for the ...
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1answer
74 views

Do I have duplicate content issues to be worried about? [duplicate]

We built a website targeting different regions but with the same English language (Ireland, England and America). The content for the most part is the same set up on 3 different subfolders. ...
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1answer
59 views

Using microdata itemprop and itemtype for non-English websites

How should I use microdata itemprop and itemtype for non-English websites? Is there a way to define vocabulary for non-English websites, and what itemprop values can be used? Are itemprop values self ...
2
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2answers
454 views

Patterns for creating a Language Switcher?

I'm a big fan of the book The Design Of Sites which has patterns for diverse things needed in webmastering and site design. However the topic about translation, localization and internationalization ...
0
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1answer
141 views

Sitemaps: rel=“alternate” hreflang=“x” naming

I'm creating a Sitemap for rel="alternate" hreflang="x", but no where in Google's guidelines do they mention how it should be named. Also can we reference it separately in the robots.txt file, or does ...
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0answers
76 views

Is implementing rel=“alternate” hreflang=“x” mark up the right thing to do here?

We have a website for a restaurant that is in 5 different countries, all pages are in English at present: http://www.example.com/bangkok/en/ http://www.example.com/dubai/en/ ...
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1answer
92 views

How to implement hreflang on a single domain?

Large amounts of a company's (English) content are duplicated across the following ccTLDs: example.co.uk example.com example.au example.ie example.co.nz The issue is that, realistically, we can ...
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2answers
561 views

300, 302, 303 or 307 redirect for international site?

A company website offers the same products and pages (more or less) across different countries. It's a mess; they use a mix of subdirectories, subdomains and ccTLDs for international sites: ...
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2answers
76 views

PayPal buy now button to charge different amount depending on the country the user is from

Customers to my website who are from the USA need to pay more P&P then UK customers. How do I make a PayPal button which charges a different amount depending on the country the user is from?
2
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1answer
570 views

Combining hreflang links, canonical tags and xml:lang on multilingual, multiregional and multi-subdomains websites?

I have a multilingual and multiregional (using different subdomains) website and I'm not sure how to handle those 3 elements. To summarize here are the hreflang links that I generate on each page ...
0
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1answer
964 views

SEO implications of having multiple languages available at same URL

I am in the process of translating a set of websites to multiple languages. Would there be any negative implications if I were to serve each different language from identical URLs? I fully intend to ...
2
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2answers
270 views

Test different timezones

What is a simple way to temporarily change the timezone in Chrome so as to test how a site renders for different locations? On OSX Mountain Lion, I've tried as bash script with: export ...
2
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1answer
159 views

About the semantically related words Google's algorithm uses in mixed language websites

Because I'm Latin, sometimes I use a word in English while talking in Spanish. In a website, for example, I could be interested in ranking for a word as “promoter” inside a page in Spanish, because ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Which domain better for language version?

My company is based in Russia and it's website is mycompany.ru. Now, we are planning to launch German language version and we have option for two domains: mycompany.de germankeyword.ru Which one ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

How do I make dotCMS pick up the preferred language from the browser's settings?

I have a bilingual dotCMS site. Switching between languages with the pulldown at the top of the page works great, but the default language is always English (or whatever else I configure). I'd much ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

Separate URLs for localised content

Should pages which are almost identical, bar a few minor changes for particular locations, share the same URL? I am not talking of pages in different languages, but pages which have minor differences ...
2
votes
2answers
263 views

Will duplicate international (i18n) content hinder SEO rankings?

Google clearly states that duplicate content within a single, or multiple, domains is not advised. This is understood, but I am not sure of any exceptions for sites with region-specific content that ...
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2answers
130 views

How to maximize SEO of an internationalized website? [closed]

I am developing a website that should be multi languages. I would like your opinions about what the best way to do it, considering get the most SEO possible. I have these alternatives: Altarnative ...
4
votes
4answers
131 views

How can I view localized versions of my site?

We are adding internationalization to our site. We are getting the client's IP address from the headers and looking it up against the IP2location database to get the client's country. Several of ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

How can I compile an IP address to country lookup database to make available for free?

How would I go about compiling an accurate database of IP addresses and their related countries to make available as an open source download for any web developer who wants to perform a geographic IP ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

How to translate Umlauts and other International characters to US character set? [closed]

Is there a "translation table" that shows how International characters map to the US character set. For example, German umlauts can be translated like: ä = ae ö = oe ü = ue or French characters ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

link rel=“alternate”, multiple languages and canonical urls

Context: We've got a website which is available in multiple language versions. However, the content is the same. Each translated version of the site is available on a distinct subdomain. On some ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Should I transliterate my URL paths?

I looked around and can't find any info on this, I must be searching the wrong terms or something because it must be a common question. If you have non-ASCII characters in your URLs, Firefox and ...
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3answers
442 views

Will loading meta tags dynamically from a database hurt the site?

I have a website (ASP.NET MVC) which has its contents mainly in Sinhala language. So the search engines will list my site only when someone searches for Sinhala words. But,I need to list my site's ...
3
votes
3answers
256 views

How to use the canonical tag for multiregion websites and duplicate content

We want to use the canonical tag for an multiple region website with the same content. For Example: www.example.com/services.htm www.example.com/uk/services.htm Then if we use the canonical tag ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Site structure changes possibly led to ranking losses

Problem Last monday we changed our german only site from using wordpress to our own multi-lingual rails app. Since then our rankings dropped dramatically. I would like to know if the the recent ...
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3answers
173 views

Should I have a separate URL for each language and each page? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How should I structure my urls for both SEO and localization? Please be specific, I already plan to change the language based on the Accept Language header, and then any ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Value of the HTML5 lang attribute

I'm working on a website which will offer localized content following the language+region approach as described on this W3.org page (e.g. fr-CA for Canadian French content, and fr-FR for "French ...
1
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2answers
186 views

Multiple domains with one host - SEO point of view

Lets say I currently own the mycompanyname.com domain. After some time, I found that it's very hard to rank at the top of the SERPs. After searching, I find there is domain that matches one of my ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Where can I get ISO lists for continent, country, and currency to use on my web pages?

I have done quite a bit of looking around, and found several lists based on the ISO standards, but of dubious quality, e.g. with null or blank entries, extra entries that are not real currencies etc. ...
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1answer
105 views

“good” way to redirect users and robots for internationalization?

I have a website in Spanish and English. When there isn't any subdomain selected the preferred language is taken from the browser preferred language or a cookie. I have the following URLs ...
0
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2answers
446 views

Is the Mailchimp API available in other languages?

I'm using the Mailchimp API in combination with PHP and jQuery to provide the subscribing/unsubscribing-actions on a website via Ajax. On errors with user data you get useful messages like "Invalid ...