Internationalization is the process of designing and implementing a website with flexibility in how it handles language, text, number formatting, and other details that differ by culture. This makes it cheaper and easier to localize a website to different languages and cultures later.

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3
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29 views

Receiving “no return tags (sitemaps)” error in Google Search Console should I add hreflang=“en” to sitemap XML file?

Under my Google Search Console I'm receiving a 'es' - no return tags (sitemaps) error for: Originating URL: /en/about-us/testimonials Alternate URL: /es/about-us/testimonials And I have my ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

Multilanguage Website with language parameters inside URL and HTACCESS redirect

I'm experiencing an issue using the Google webmaster tools. My Website homepage is being redirected to the correct language version according to user's browser language. For example if a user from UK ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Folder architecture for a multilanguage website with multiple index.html files

I just translated my website into French. As usual, the original version of the site has its index.html file in the root directory, where is also the rest of the pages in English. I created an /fr/ ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Is it dangerous to change the default language page to be the x-default page?

I haven't specify the x-default page yet. Instead of that the the baseurl of the website specified with <link rel=alternative> as the default language "Arabic". Is it dangerous (I may lose ...
3
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1answer
35 views

Multi-country redirection where US is not the main site and it's SEO implications

We run a custom built e-commerce platform. We started in Canada and our main site was thus built to serve canadian buyers. When we expanded into the US, we added a /us sub-folder as an identifier. We ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

How to SEO pages with adaptively loaded alternative language on same URL?

So, when each page has content on it's own language we use HREFLANG attributes and it's all fine. But now, if I build a page in English but if user picks to display it in another language, I won't ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Is defining an hreflang sufficient to avoid duplicate content penalties between US and UK sites with nearly identical content?

A client we work with has two online stores - a US version and a UK version, under separate domains. These stores have the same content and provide the same products, they're intended to be alternate ...
0
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0answers
5 views

How to make a local (ccTLD is .at) site global? [duplicate]

we have a news website in Austria (ccTLD is .at) and its URL address is like so www.example.at and now we wish to expand globally and include other language versions like english, french etc. We ...
2
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0answers
15 views

Rich snippets on Google's ccTLD domains

I've implemented rich snippets for review on my site and everything works fine when my site pops out in Google search results when using google.com. The problem is that I can not see any stars in ...
1
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3answers
41 views

Duplicate content on same-language region

I'm currently working on a multi-language website. I want to target different regions and each region should have its own site. I currently have two languages for my website: Dutch and English. So I ...
3
votes
2answers
40 views

How can a two language page (about learning a language) be optimized for search engines?

I know that there are lots of docs about multi-languages website, but still cannot find a solution for my problem: I'm building a website to help people to learn Italian. The site contains pages with ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Google Search Console: alternate URLs in XX that do not have return tags

on http://example.com/ server response with (response based on Accept-Language header): HTTP/1.1 301 Found Location: /en/ on http://example.com/en/ in page <head></head>: <link rel="...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Will create an international mirror site hurt my SEO

I was approached by someone from India looking to copy parts of my website content in India under a new domain name (which would be the same as mine, but ending in .in) The .in website would list the ...
10
votes
1answer
714 views

Is using optional URL segments bad for SEO?

I have a multilanguage site with urls like this https://example.org/en/ads/2 https://example.org/es/ads/2 https://example.org/it/ads/2 which serve the site in different languages. My site also ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Internationalization using subfolders

I'm internationalizing a Rails application using their standard i18n gem. I've set it up so that the language appears as a subfolder in the URL, ex. www.mysite.com/en, www.mysite.com/zh, www.mysite....
0
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0answers
17 views

Same sitemap (with hreflang) across two different ccTLDs?

I am working on international targeting for a site that is virtually the same across the two ccTLDs it uses to target the US and Canada. The structure is exactly the same. I would like to use the ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Google webmaster International targeting “United States” will it work for SEO?

I have started a brand new website. Basically, It will be product review base website. I will promote Amazon products on that website. After little experiment, I have found that, if US people buy 15 ...
6
votes
3answers
126 views

How to deal with yet-to-be-translated, placeholder content on a multi-language site?

I'm working on a site where we have many different languages (about 24). When a content piece is authored in English, it is automatically copied to all language sites where it will be later translated ...
1
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1answer
20 views

hreflang values for domain hacks

My publisher site uses a domain hack (not included in the ccTLDs treated as generic). I understand that Matt Cutts and Google have made statements on foreign ccTLDs trying to target other audiences: ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

SEO impact on using Unicode escapes over encoded characters?

For text content on a site - say for example, a Chinese language site I could use HTML escapes: &#24211;&#23384;&#20102;&#30005;&#27668;&#21644;&#30005;&#23376;&#...
0
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0answers
50 views

zip files extract in cPanel encode non-ASCII file names

In my manual-restore-from-backup procedure, I download the backup as .zip, upload it to my website, and then extract it using cPanel's File Manager "extract" feature. It works, but my site contains ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

How can I target specific countries with global site under gTLD using sub-directory for each targeted country?

We're building a global platform for a large client who want a range of sites targeting different countries all hosted under a single gTLD, so domain.com/uk will be a UK-specific site, domain.com/fr ...
6
votes
3answers
173 views

How to handle SEO for brand that has a special character in the name

I am building a website (small online retail store) for a company whose brand name has a special character in it. The name of the brand is actually a legitimate Polish word that has an Ł, which is an ...
6
votes
2answers
59 views

Multi country redirect working with google

I have company.com, us.company.com and ca.company.com, all using the same language, however, displaying different content e.g. pricing, imagery and text I want the site to be displayed in Google as ...
3
votes
2answers
313 views

Will Googlebot have trouble crawling a site if we have such international redirects based on location and cookie?

So, we have an international site with multiple subdomains for each language. We have hreflang markup in place (+ sitemaps), but we also detect where users come from and redirect them to appropriate ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Special DNS needed to resolve .中国 cc TLD (Simplified Mandarin character TLD)?

I thought I had a good handle on international DNS, which is only even slightly tricky with a handful of differently-regulated countries' TLD's, but .中国 is throwing me for a loop. A Chinese friend ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Multidomain site with duplicate content

Our client wants different domains for different countries where they have hearthquarters. So we would have www.example1.com, www.example2.us, www.example3.com.br, etc. (it is also multilanguage, with ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

International targeting with a single language

I was going through tons of documentation, forums, stackoverflow, etc trying to figure out what is the correct way to target international audience with a single language. The only thing that I could ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

English content on International page templates: how to mark it up with lang=“” attributes?

So, I have translated page templates to various languages so it's easier for users to pick their language for easier navigating and understanding the site. The pages have similar markup to this ...
5
votes
2answers
295 views

Should slug (SEO/user friendly URLs) contain only English letters?

Can I create slug with unicode letters since all the major browsers support unicode urls (so it won't be transformed into the utf8 equivalent), or should I always use English letters? For example: If ...
1
vote
1answer
190 views

How to serve for International Googlebots if we redirect users to subdomains for language matching?

So, we have a site and a few sub-domains with content in different languages and we're using Hreflang and canonical implementations for SEO. We do detect the language that users use in their browsers ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Is using translated keywords in the URL good for SEO? [duplicate]

I have an Chinese website. Is it good for SEO to translate the URL to English instead of using Chinese keywords in the URL? When I search for a keyword in Chinese, I notice that Google identifies ...
1
vote
4answers
127 views

Duplicate content on international websites

I'm helping on the SEO of an international group. Among others, there's a company.com website and a company.com.sa website (Saudi Arabia). They have got a new FAQ section on the .com website, in ...
7
votes
2answers
552 views

Is having a landing page for multi-country websites detrimental for search engine ranking?

I have a multi-language / multi-country website which uses a single domain name. The url structure is as follows: country-name.example.com/language/ Ex: ca.example.com/en/ ca.example.com/fr/ uk....
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Regionalised search results by subdirectory regions

We have a website which is regionalised by folder subdirectories e.g. www.example.com/uk/ www.example.com/de/ www.example.com/jp/ The content of the sites is mostly the same, with the main ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

google displays wrong language on multi language website because it takes cookies into consideration

I have a multiple language website that uses both subdomains and cookies to display the right language. Here is the logic on the website: de subdomain will display the German version fr subdomain ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

International SEO Currency & Google Snippets

I have an Australian Ecommerce site. I also sell to NZ and USA . As part of the user experience it will detect where you are and change the currency accordingly. so when google crawls - the currency ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Will Adding 'language' and 'region' to urls help geotargeting and SEO rank?

This site below has got a very strong seo presence. And I see it uses language=en and region=gb in the url. http://www.accuweather.com/en/gb/united-kingdom-weather Does anyone know if adding '...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Translate URL query parameters

Just like it is always advisable to translate URL parts in order to internationalize a web site, is there any recommendation (W3C or such) regarding the translation of URL parameters (query strings)? ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

When the page language can be determined by the browser settings, which URLs should go into sitemaps?

At this moment our website both uses the language in the url like "en" and localizes the url itself ("books" in english and "boeken" in dutch). Because of the history of making our website ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

Can you use the ccTLD for sub-directories when geotargeting?

I know when targeting a specific country or region the best way to do it with the the ccTLD. But if you choose the sub-directory route, should those sub-directories be named the same way you would use ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

Should href lang links be deep or point to the home page?

I have a website http://www.example.com/convert.html and would like to have multilanguage versions of the website; for example German (http://www.example.com/de/konvertieren.html) and French (http://...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

I have a website with two languages. Should I use a Keyword strategy for each language?

My website has two languages and different URLs for each language. The site is about learning English but the company is Spanish (and located in Spain). We also sell online courses for English ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Keywords in different languages

I have a website which is mainly photos, and not a lot of text, except maybe landmark names (eiffel tower, hoover dam, etc) depending on what the user uploads. in SEO in english it works fine (if ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

Content language different to menu language and SEO

I have built a website for a client following Google's multi-language website guide. It allows to create a project (tutorial) in a user specified language. Depending on the project language the URL ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Google showing snippets from the corresponding English page when the search and page are in Dutch

I have a website that is in two languages, English and Dutch. The URL structure is the following; domain is like mydomain.nl and and English page has URL mydomain.nl/en/pagename and Dutch has ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

What is the SEO impact of hreflang attributes pointing to non-existent pages?

One of our clients got a huge international eCommerce website. We advised them to use the hreflang attribute since most of their product pages exist on all of their web shops. However, there are also ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

What is the SEO effect of AJAX loading translated content from a global cookieless domain to several international TLDs?

We have one .com that has all our unique content and then 25 other ccltd sites that are translated versions of the .com for each country we operate in. We now want to serve up all static content of ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Should I split the site by language for better SEO when the English site has low quality content?

We have two versions of our website English and Arabic. Arabic is in a sub-directory (not a sub-domain). When we started looking at SEO, we found that most of our articles are plagiarized from ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Does Mediawiki need to be installed twice to support a second website in another language?

I have a wiki which has English as the default language. Now I want the same wiki in "Malayalam". I already have the translated contents with me. How do I achieve this? Should I create a sub-domain? ...