Besides gaining reputation with your questions and answers, you receive badges for being especially helpful. Badges appear on your profile page, flair, and your posts.

Question Badges

First bounty you manually awarded on another person's question
18 awarded
First bounty you manually awarded on your own question
76 awarded
Asked a well-received question on 5 separate days, and maintained a positive question record
245 awarded
First bounty you offered on another person's question
40 awarded
Question score of 10 or more
614 awarded
Asked a question with 1,000 views
2.2k awarded
First bounty you offered on your own question
182 awarded
Asked a question and accepted an answer
4.9k awarded
Asked first question with score of 1 or more
8.2k awarded
Asked a question with no votes, no answers, no comments, and low views for a week
646 awarded

Answer Badges

Edited and answered 1 question (both actions within 12 hours, answer score > 0)
107 awarded
Answer score of 10 or more
775 awarded
Answered more than 30 days later as first answer scoring 2 or more
460 awarded
Answered your own question with score of 3 or more
158 awarded
Answered first question with score of 1 or more
4.7k awarded

Participation Badges

Completed "About Me" section of user profile
15.3k awarded
Visited an election during any phase of an active election and had enough reputation to cast a vote
786 awarded
Left 10 comments
825 awarded
Earned at least 200 reputation (the daily maximum) in a single day
43 awarded
Followed the Area 51 proposal for this site before it entered the commitment phase
55 awarded
One post with score of 2 on meta
199 awarded
Posted 10 messages, with 1 or more starred, in chat
17 awarded

Tag Badges

You must have a total score of 100 in at least 20 non-community wiki answers to achieve this badge.
81 awarded

Moderation Badges

First flagged post
846 awarded
First rollback
68 awarded
First down vote
680 awarded
Completed at least one review task. This badge is awarded once per review type
465 awarded
Deleted own post with score of 3 or higher
15 awarded
First edit
4k awarded
Edited first post that was inactive for 6 months
183 awarded
First retag
215 awarded
Deleted own post with score of -3 or lower
19 awarded
Approved or rejected 100 suggested edits
10 awarded
Used 30 votes in a day
88 awarded
First up vote
8.8k awarded
First approved tag synonym
9 awarded
First tag wiki edit
64 awarded
Used the maximum 40 votes in a day
51 awarded

Other Badges

Visited every section of the FAQ (retired)
316 awarded
Shared a link to a question that was visited by 25 unique IP addresses
101 awarded
Read the entire tour page
882 awarded